Francisco Franco - Wikipedia
Since , Franco-Chinese diplomatic relations have centred around a shared and de Gaulle that fostered the establishment of Sino-French relations. De. China–France relations, also known as Sino-French relations or Franco-Chinese relations, refers to the interstate relations between China and France (Kingdom. China and France celebrated the 50th anniversary of the es-tablishment of their diplomatic relations on January 27, Over the past fifty.
During the Second Spanish Republic[ edit ] With the fall of the monarchy inFranco did not take any notable stand. Franco stressed in his speech the Republic's need for discipline and respect. For six months Franco was without a post and under surveillance.
Yet it was quite common for the Conservative Officers to be moved or demoted. New elections held in October resulted in a centre-right majority.
This uprising was rapidly quelled in most of the country, but gained a stronghold in Asturiaswith the support of the miners ' unions. Franco, already General of Division and aide to the war minister, Diego Hidalgowas put in command of the operations directed to suppress the insurgency. After two weeks of heavy fighting and a death toll estimated between 1, and 2,the rebellion was suppressed.
The insurgency in Asturias see Asturian miners' strike of sharpened the antagonism between Left and Right.
France and China
Some time after these events, Franco was briefly commander-in-chief of the Army of Africa from 15 February onwardsand from 19 Mayon, Chief of the General Staff. Spanish general election, After the ruling centre-right coalition collapsed amid the Straperlo corruption scandal, new elections were scheduled. Two wide coalitions formed: On 16 Februarythe left won by a narrow margin.
The government and its supporters, the Popular Front, had launched a campaign against the Opposition whom they accused of plotting against the Republic. According to the right-wing opposition, the real enemies of the Republic were not on the Right but on the Left; Spain was in imminent danger of falling under a "Communist dictatorship", and therefore by fighting the democratically elected Popular Front, they were merely doing their duty in defence of law and order and of the freedom and the fundamental rights of the Spanish people.
In June, Franco was contacted and a secret meeting was held within the forest of La Esperanza on Tenerife to discuss starting a military coup. On 23 Junehe wrote to the head of the government, Casares Quirogaoffering to quell the discontent in the Spanish Republican Armybut received no reply.
France-China Relations: From ‘Special’ to ‘Strategic’?
After various postponements, 18 July was fixed as the date of the uprising. The situation reached a point of no return and, as presented to Franco by Mola, the coup was unavoidable and he had to choose a side. He decided to join the rebels and was given the task of commanding the Army of Africa.
On 18 July, Franco published a manifesto  and left for Africa, where he arrived the next day to take command. A week later the rebels, who soon called themselves the Nationalists, controlled a third of Spain; most naval units remained under control of the Republican loyalist forces, which left Franco isolated. The coup had failed in the attempt to bring a swift victory, but the Spanish Civil War had begun. Despite the Non-Intervention Agreement of Augustthe war was marked by foreign intervention on behalf of both sides, leading to international repercussions.
They were opposed by the Soviet Union and communist, socialists and anarchists within Spain.Cold War-Sino American Relations
This interpretation has not found acceptance among most historians, who consider the Spanish Civil War and Second World War to be two distinct conflicts.
Among other things, they point to the political heterogeneity on both sides See Spanish Civil War: The first months[ edit ] Following 18 July pronunciamientoFranco assumed the leadership of the 30, soldiers of the Spanish Army of Africa.
The first days of the insurgency were marked with a serious need to secure control over the Spanish Moroccan Protectorate. On one side, Franco had to win the support of the natives and their nominal authorities, and, on the other, had to ensure his control over the army. His method was the summary execution of some senior officers loyal to the Republic one of them his own cousin. His loyal bodyguard was shot by Manuel Blanco. He requested help from Benito Mussoliniwho responded with an unconditional offer of arms and planes; in Germany Wilhelm Canaristhe head of the Abwehr military intelligence, persuaded Hitler to support the Nationalists.
From 20 July onward Franco was able, with a small group of 22 mainly German Junkers Ju 52 aircraft, to initiate an air bridge to Sevillewhere his troops helped to ensure the rebel control of the city. Through representatives, he started to negotiate with the United Kingdom, Germany, and Italy for more military support, and above all for more aircraft.
Negotiations were successful with the last two on 25 July and aircraft began to arrive in Tetouan on 2 August. On 5 August Franco was able to break the blockade with the newly arrived air support, successfully deploying a ship convoy with some 2, soldiers. All these planes had the Nationalist Spanish insignia painted on them, but were flown by Italian and German nationals. The backbone of Franco's aviation in those days were the Italian SM.
Therefore, in the nationalist zone, "political life ceased. Post-Cold War[ edit ] This state of relations would not last, however. France sold weapons to Taiwan, angering the Beijing government. This resulted in the temporary closure of the French Consulate-General in Guangzhou. France eventually agreed to prohibit local companies from selling arms to Taiwan, and diplomatic relations resumed in Since then, the two countries have exchanged a number of state visits.
France-China Relations: From ‘Special’ to ‘Strategic’?
Today, Sino-French relations are primarily economic. Bilateral trade reached new high levels in As torchbearers passed through Paris, activists fighting for Tibetan independence and human rights repeatedly attempted to disrupt, hinder or halt the procession.
French President Nicolas Sarkozy wrote a letter of support and sympathy to Jin Jinga Chinese athlete who had carried the Olympic torch. Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao omitted France in his tour of Europe in response, his assistant foreign minister saying of the rift "The one who tied the knot should be the one who unties it.