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See creation God's justice ('adl), God's nature. 45–48, —47 goals for, 9 –10; Muslim perspective on, –38, Qur'ân on, –52, seminar covenant with, 81–83, 86–88; creation of 25–27, 44; creator-creation relationship with, 2, Goal setting involves the development of an action plan designed to motivate and guide a .. The relationship between group goals and individual goals influences group performance; when goals are . Because goals refer to future valued outcomes, the setting of goals is first and foremost a discrepancy-creating process. CREATOR-CREATION RELATIONSHIP IN FRANKENSTEIN AND THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page Acknowledgements.
You can move and resize the text boxes by dragging them around. You can customize the font color, outline color, and outline width just to the right of where you type your text.
You can further customize the font and add additional text boxes in the More Options section. Note that Android and other mobile operating systems may support fewer fonts. You can rotate your meme, add scumbag hats, deal-with-it sunglasses, speech bubbles, or other custom images, and draw on your meme using the panel just above the meme preview image. You can create "meme chains" of multiple images stacked vertically by adding new images with the "below current image" setting.
Can I use the generator for more than just memes? The Meme Generator is a flexible tool for many purposes. For example, if someone usually produces 4 widgets per hour but wants to produce 6 widgets per hour, then they may work harder to produce more widgets than without that goal. Persistence Goals may make someone more willing to work through setbacks.
Cognition Goal commitment[ edit ] People perform better when they are committed to achieving certain goals. Through an understanding of the effect of goal setting on individual performance, organizations are able to use goal setting to benefit organizational performance.
Locke and Latham have indicated three moderators that indicate goal setting success: Expanding the three from above, the level of commitment is influenced by external factors. This influences the level of commitment by how compliant the individual is with the one assigning the goal.
An external factor can also be the role models of the individual. Say if they strive to be like their favorite athlete, the individual is more likely to put forth more effort to their own work and goals. Internal factors can derive from their participation level in the work to achieve the goal.
What they expect from themselves can either flourish their success, or destroy it.
Also, the individual may want to appear superior to their peers or competitors. They want to achieve the goal the best and be known for it. The self-reward of accomplishing a goal, is usually one of the main keys that keep individuals committed. A goal is thereby of vital importance because it helps an individual to focus his or her efforts in a specified direction.
Goal setting - Wikipedia
In other words, goals canalize behavior. Managers should keep track of performance to allow employees to see how effective they have been in attaining their goals. Feedback should be provided on the strategies followed to achieve the goals and the final outcomes achieved, as well. Feedback on strategies used to obtain goals is very important, especially for complex work, because challenging goals put focus on outcomes rather than on performance strategies, so they impair performance.
Properly delivered feedback is also very essential, and the following hints may help for providing a good feedback: Create a positive context for feedback. Use constructive and positive language. Focus on behaviors and strategies.
Tailor feedback to the needs of the individual worker. Make feedback a two-way communication process. Advances in technology can facilitate providing feedback. Systems analysts have designed computer programs that track goals for numerous members of an organization. Such computer systems may maintain every employee's goals, as well as their deadlines.
Separate methods may check the employee's progress on a regular basis, and other systems may require perceived slackers to explain how they intend to improve.The Myth Of Dating :: Relationship Goals (Part 3)
More difficult goals require more cognitive strategies and well-developed skills. The more difficult the tasks, the smaller the group of people who possess the necessary skills and strategies. This interjection of Dorian helps us to understand how much he identifies himself with the portrait.
I am in love with it, Basil It is part of myself. In this sense, creation of the portrait is a narcissist act.
In addition to its emergence as self-love, narcissism sometimes brings forth love for the similar, if reduced to gender, homosexuality. Transcendentalism of Mortality Along with egotism and narcissism, the desire to be god-like and to achieve immortality can also considered as other important motives which will help us in the interpretation of creator-creation relationship. Actually, these two motives are quite intermingled: Both motives require the accomplishment of a divine act. In this aspect, scientific creation of Victor Frankenstein can be seen as an attempt to imitate the divine act of creation through which he will achieve immortality.
Just like God who points to the immortality of himself by pointing out the mortality of man through his creation, Victor also aims to achieve immortality through parthenogenesis by siring the monster and thus precluding death Picart Some film versions of the novel, carrying this creative act to the furthest extreme, added and extra scene in which Frankenstein uttered the following words upon seeing the first signs of life in his creature: Now I know what it is to be god-like!
Just at this point, Picart draws our attention to the myth of self-birthing which becomes emblematic of the absurd dream of male Ego-as-God Together with self-birthing which can also be named as an act of creation the male ego extends itself and reaches its peak point. At this point, since he assumes to have completed a God-like task, he identifies himself with God by having the most prominent divine attribute: Omnipotence, or ability to do everything, in this respect, is embodied in the masculine figure whose ego puts itself forth as God.
During his long and exhausting studies on natural philosophy, one day Victor comes up with and unusual discovery: The secret that Victor is talking about is the secret of life which is supposed to be known only by God. Being aware of the fact that if man eats from the tree life, he will become immortal like Himself, God forbids man to take of this tree.
Metaphorically, by finding the secret of life, Victor takes of the tree of knowledge, thus transgressing the divine law. This transgression of divine law through the attempt at omniscience, which is another divine attribute, is a different revelation of the masculine ego-as God.
Having unlimited knowledge will no doubt make man feel God-like. Immortality becomes possible only through the imitation of a God-like act.
This desire carries Victor as he aspires to a divine status. Attempts at the immortalization of human life can also be seen in The Picture of Dorian Gray.
This time, instead of immortalization of human life, we have immortalization of beauty. In the novel Dorian is depicted as a figure who is obsessed with the idea of physical deterioration of the body. In this respect, he is very similar to Victor Frankenstein with engages himself on the observation and analyses of this physical deterioration of the body. Talking about the progress of his anatomical studies, he tells Walton how he was attracted to examine the decay of dead bodies: I became acquainted with the science of anatomy: A churchyard was to me merely the receptacle of bodies deprived of life, from being seat of beauty and strength, had become food for the worm.
Now I was led to examine the cause and progress of this decay, and forced to spend days and nights in vaults and charnel- houses. I saw how the fine form of man was degraded and wasted; I beheld corruption of death succeeded to the blooming cheek of life; I saw how the worm inherited the wonders of the eye and the brain Although both Victor and Dorian are interested in physical deterioration, their motives are quite different.
Victor, through understanding the cause of bodily decay, wants also to understand the cause of life. On the other hand, Dorian is interested in physical deterioration only because he is upset by this fact. He, at any rate, had escaped that. It is too painful and dismal to accept this for such a beauty like Dorian Gray. Beauty should be immortalized somehow, and the portrait, in a way, is expected to realize this immortalization.
Through his artistic creation, which is the portrait, Basil tries to immortalize the beauty of Dorian Gray. After the portrait is completed, Dorian Gray looks at it and says: How sad it is! I shall grow old, and horrible, and dreadful. But this picture will remain always young. It will never be older than this particular day of June… If it were only the other way! If it were I who was to be always, and the picture that was to grow old! For that-for-that I would give everything! Yes, there is nothing in the world in the world I would not give!
I would give my soul for that! The immortal portrait marks the inner monstrosity of the outer beauty of Dorian, alluding to his physical mortality. Creation of the portrait, in this sense, guarantees immortality both for Dorian and Basil.
To conclude this part, every act of creation, either scientific, or artistic is a challenge to death.
Each time, man wants to transcend his mortality through a creature which will carry the traits of his creator. The creature, which man thinks will bring him immortality, brings only an early death to its creator.
Strangely in both novels, the act of creation is confined to men, setting aside women. In The Picture of Dorian Gray, there is not much place for women who are regarded as the inferior sex. Most of the speeches of Lord Henry are full of negative commentaries on women.
Women are a decorative sex. In the view of male-dominant intellectual circle, henry refers to women always in the same disdainful manner. This negative view about women helps to attract men to each other. Carrying that view to its extreme, such men end up with misogyny which leads them to homosexuality.
I grew jealous of everyone to whom you spoke. I wanted to have you all to myself. Homosexual creator-creator relationship between Basil and Dorian Gray fortifies the act of creation by emphasizing the similarity between the two masculine parties. At this point, if we regard divine creation, we see a striking resemblance between that of Frankenstein and one depicted in The Picture of Dorian Gray, when we examine the passage of the creation of man in the Old Testament closely; we understand that creation is described as a masculine-work: Repetition of the masculine pronouns helps to construct creation as a male-action, the end product of which is another male.
This man-to-man creator-creation relationship is also apparent in Frankenstein. Creation of a human being without any feminine connection is kind of triumph of man over women.
The masculine attempt at parthenogenesis or male self-birthing as Picart terms it is influential in shaping the dynamics of the relationship between the creator and his creation Tracing back the origin of parthenogenesis to the mythical story of the birth of Dionysus from the thigh of Zeus, Whale tells us how Frankenstein critiques the reconstruction of masculine divinity and humanity versus feminine monstrosity and sub-humanity. Furthermore, murder of the two feminine figures, or elimination of women in the novel can be seen as a binding factor in man-to-man creator-creation relationship.
All these female figures have one common point: According to Smith, the female monster and Elizabeth represent not simply feminine sexuality bu also its function within the symbolic order: Elizabeth as a married sexual partner blessed by the patriarch Alphonse Frankenstein, and the female monster as someone who will join the monster in creating a new society This confinement or womanned men which brings the unconscious mutual dependence beneath, shows itself as mutual victimizations on the surface.
Fragmentation and projection of the Other as feminine and monstrous in Frankenstein can be considered as a attempt to strengthen a super-masculinized version of parthenogenetic myth Picart, Similarly in The Picture of Dorian Gray masculine relationship are re-written in and through the repression of the female.
The society depicted in this novel is not a simple masculine-dominant society. In his haughty speech, addressed to Dorian gray, Lord Henry tries to impose his misogynist views on him: Women treat us just as Humanity treats its gods. So these murders are not only simple acts of killing, but also attempts to terminate productive function of female sexuality.
To conclude this part, reinforcement of male gender dynamics in and through the repression and deaths of female figures in both novels confine the world of men, and this confinement justifies man-made creation the end-product of which is another male. After the cast of creation is completed, his own creature becomes the Other of the creator.
And as soon as the Other starts to threaten the creator, he denies it, and turn he is denied by his creature. Upon the murder of his brother by the monster, victor starts to think of destroying his creature: Denial of the Other, which I mentioned as part of the Self in the previous chapter, is actually denial of the Self. The self-denial is employed through the denials of the creatures in both novels.
In Frankenstein, the monster who makes Victor purse him to the northern extremity of the globe, confesses his guilt of the death of his creator: Did I request thee, Maker, from my clay To mould Me man?