5 major relationship according to confucius

Li (Confucian) - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

5 major relationship according to confucius

Confucius laid the greatest emphasis upon the five human relationships. [ between father and . {kang), which according to Fung Yu-lan means a major cord in a. The Modification of the Confucian “Five Relations” and their associated virtues in the Imperial Rescript on Education (). Confucianism is a philosophy and a doctrine of ethical and social conduct, based on the teachings of the These are the principles by which a person should live by, according to Confucius. Jen: Jen is the most important of all principles.

In later ages, however, emphasis was often placed more on the obligations of the ruled to the ruler, and less on the ruler's obligations to the ruled.

5 major relationship according to confucius

Like filial piety, loyalty was often subverted by the autocratic regimes in China. Nonetheless, throughout the ages, many Confucians continued to fight against unrighteous superiors and rulers.

Many of these Confucians suffered and sometimes died because of their conviction and action. This may be true especially in times of social chaos, such as during the period of the Ming-Qing transition. Filial piety In Confucian philosophy, filial piety Chinese: Filial piety is considered a key virtue in Chinese cultureand it is the main concern of a large number of stories.

These stories depict how children exercised their filial piety in the past. While China has always had a diversity of religious beliefs, filial piety has been common to almost all of them; historian Hugh D. Baker calls respect for the family the only element common to almost all Chinese believers. Reciprocity or responsibility renqing extends beyond filial piety and involves the entire network of social relations, even the respect for rulers. There is government, when the prince is prince, and the minister is minister; when the father is father, and the son is son.

5 major relationship according to confucius

Analects XII, 11, tr. Legge Particular duties arise from one's particular situation in relation to others. The individual stands simultaneously in several different relationships with different people: While juniors are considered in Confucianism to owe their seniors reverence, seniors also have duties of benevolence and concern toward juniors.

The same is true with the husband and wife relationship where the husband needs to show benevolence towards his wife and the wife needs to respect the husband in return.

This theme of mutuality still exists in East Asian cultures even to this day. The Five Bonds are: Specific duties were prescribed to each of the participants in these sets of relationships. Such duties are also extended to the dead, where the living stand as sons to their deceased family. The only relationship where respect for elders isn't stressed was the friend to friend relationship, where mutual equal respect is emphasised instead.

All these duties take the practical form of prescribed rituals, for instance wedding and death rituals.

Introduction to Confucianism and Five Relationships

Junzi The junzi Chinese: In the I Ching it is used by the Duke of Wen. In Confucianism, the sage or wise is the ideal personality; however, it is very hard to become one of them. Confucius created the model of junzi, gentleman, which may be achieved by any individual. Later, Zhu Xi defined junzi as second only to the sage.

Introduction to Confucianism and Five Relationships

There are many characteristics of the junzi: The junzi disciplines himself. Ren is fundamental to become a junzi.

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To Confucius, the junzi sustained the functions of government and social stratification through his ethical values. Despite its literal meaning, any righteous man willing to improve himself may become a junzi. The petty person is egotistic and does not consider the consequences of his action in the overall scheme of things. Should the ruler be surrounded by xiaoren as opposed to junzi, his governance and his people will suffer due to their small-mindness.

Examples of such xiaoren individuals may range from those who continually indulge in sensual and emotional pleasures all day to the politician who is interested merely in power and fame ; neither sincerely aims for the long-term benefit of others.

The junzi enforces his rule over his subjects by acting virtuously himself. It was years after his death that people realized the soundness of his thoughts and he got recognition for his vision. Confucianism is based on the idea of 'love' and 'compassion' as two prime virtues in life.

A society in which individuals place morals and virtue above everything else will surely prosper. Therefore, Confucius emphasized the importance of rituals or a code of good conduct for a society.

He also emphasized that whatever be the circumstances we find ourselves in, we always have a choice to choose the right or wrong path. If each component or individual of a society performs his part efficiently, by choosing the right path, the society will be in harmony. Confucius pictured the society like a giant wheel with the monarchy, the king, as the axis around which everything spins. Thus, a hierarchical structure of society is what he conceptualized.

He had the belief that a society based on virtue would not require punishing laws or a penal code as he believed in the goodness of every individual. Fundamental Principles of Confucianism These are the principles by which a person should live by, according to Confucius.

If a person inculcates these principles, he will be worthy of being called 'the ideal man' or the 'perfect man'. Li is the principle of self-restraint and sense of propriety that should be inculcated in a person. A person should always act in a honorable way and respect his elders, his ancestors, and his family members.

He shall not be selfish in his acts. It does not mean that he should not have personal ambitions and aspirations but he should not achieve them by being unjust to others.

It includes following social etiquette and mannerisms. Hsiao is love for the immediate family and then society. It's the principle of love of parents for their children and of children for their parents.

If every family is united and happy, the society will prosper.