Nicaragua - Relations with the United States
Unsurprisingly, U.S.-Nicaraguan relations soured after Washington selected Panama At the request of the Nicaraguan government, the United States invaded. History of Diplomatic Relations: – · History of Diplomatic Relations: – The United States recognized independent Nicaragua in The role of U.S.-Nicaraguan Relations in the history of the United States of America.
The United States is the only major international donor that does not provide assistance directly to the Nicaraguan government. Strategy for Central America Strategy guides U. The Strategy is a bipartisan, multi-year U.
The Strategy aims to secure U. The Strategy focuses on three overarching lines of action: Assistance to Nicaragua U.
In under-governed areas of the Caribbean coastal region where drug trafficking and related criminal activity is rising, military-to-military prevention programs focus on education and life-skills development that support citizen security.
By improving reading performance, enhancing work force and life-skills, and increasing community engagement to create positive and safe environments for at-risk children and youth, U. Bilateral Economic Relations Nicaragua remains the second-poorest country in the Western Hemisphere despite averaging over four percent GDP growth annually since The United States is the dominant economic partner for Nicaragua, buying 51 percent of Nicaraguan exports, supplying 32 percent of its imports, providing 20 percent of investment, sending 54 percent of its remittances, and being the origin of 19 percent of its tourists, according to figures.
Its weaknesses include weak governmental institutions, deficiencies in the rule of law, and extensive executive control.
A historical relationship between US and Nicaragua | Evans Sarker - hair-restore.info
Bilateral Representation Principal U. More information about Nicaragua is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here: After Somoza was assassinated inthe United States continued to support his sons Luis and Anastasio, who continued both the family dynasty and the low living standards and political repression that characterized it.
Opponents of the regime founded the National Sandinista Liberation Front FSLN or Sandinistas inbut the Sandinistas remained isolated and ineffective until the s, when rampant government corruption and the increasingly violent suppression of opposition leaders turned many urban, middle-class Nicaraguans against the government. President Jimmy Carter spent the late s searching desperately for an alternative to Somoza, yet determined to prevent a Sandinista victory.
After the FSLN took power on 17 Julythe Carter administration shifted tactics and attempted to steer the new revolutionary junta toward moderate policies. But the defection of prominent moderates from the revolutionary junta, the postponement of national elections, and the FSLN's support of leftist rebels in El Salvador ensured the hostility of Ronald Reagan, the winner of the presidential election.
Shortly after assuming office, Reagan approved plans to sponsor an opposition army, known as the Contras, to overthrow the Sandinista government. Congress, fearing that these policies would invite a replay of the Vietnam Warresponded in June by prohibiting all lethal aid to the Contras.
The debate over Contra aid, a hotly contested and controversial issue during the mids, culminated in a major political scandal after revelations in late that Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North and a small cadre of officials had secretly and illegally diverted funds from Iranian arms sales to the Contras.
Although the Sandinistas still controlled Nicaragua when Reagan left office inthe Contra war left Nicaragua war-weary and economically devastated.
Sandinista leaders subsequently agreed to free elections in as part of a broader peace initiative proposed by the Costa Rican President Oscar Arias. To the surprise of many, the opposition leader Violeta Chamorro defeated the Sandinistas on a platform of restoring a free market economy and liberal democracy. The United States in Central America.
American Mercenaries and Entrepreneurs in Central America, — University Press of Kentucky, The United States and Nicaragua.
Princeton University Press, The United States in Central America, —