SAGE Reference - Sensation Seeking
sensation seeking is a property that is defined by the need for different senses, new, Researches show that sensation seeking has a negative relationship with the level of (MAO). It means . prone to aggressive behavior (Rineh et al, ). The Link between Sensation Seeking and Aggression: A Meta-Analytic The Role of Sensation Seeking in Political Violence: An Extension of the Significance . therefore investigated the relationship between sensation seeking, the three subtypes . Physically aggressive ASB have been defined in terms of relationship.
It then starts to decrease after it peaks in the late adolescence years of Studies in Australia, Canada, and Spain found similar gender differences in total sensation seeking, thrill and adventure seeking and boredom susceptibility.
Marital status is also related to sensation seeking, as studies have found that divorced males tend to be higher in the trait compared to single or married men. Alcohol use has been linked to sensation seeking, especially the disinhibition and experience seeking subscales.
Research has found that peer sensation seeking levels are predictive of drug use.
Sensation seeking - Wikipedia
Furthermore, individuals are likely to associate with peers whose sensation seeking levels are similar to their own, further influencing drug and alcohol use. Risky sexual behaviour is particularly related to the disinhibition facet of sensation seeking.
High sensation seekers are also more likely to be unfaithful to partners whilst in a committed romantic relationship. Low sensation seekers tend to prefer more structured, well-defined tasks involving order and routine. Males high in sensation seeking tend to choose scientific and social service professions.
Among females, traditional vocations e. Furthermore, aggressive behavior is explained by the combination of a sensation-seeking factor Disinhibition and two impulsiveness factors Gratification and Automatism. This study shows the need to analyze aggression as a multidimensional construct.
Adolescence is also characterized by premature experimentation of new experiences and sensations. For many adolescents, the social setting inhibits imprudence, but for others it promotes risk-taking and emotion-seeking.
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An important matter related to the increase in sensation-seeking during adolescence and also aggressive behavior is impulsivity Archer and Webb, This is defined as an expression of uninhibited behavior characterized by lack of control of behavior Cardoso-Moreno et al.
Given the role of impulsivity in involvement in risk behaviors by adolescents, the positive effect of interventions during childhood to prevent the first forms of impulsivity, which continue into adolescence if not treated, is clear.
Impulsivity and aggression maintain a pattern of consistent relationship. However, not everyone who is impulsive has aggressive behavior, nor is it manifested in the same way. For example, Hatfield and Dula found that high scores on impulsivity were associated with higher levels of physical or direct aggression. Proactive aggression refers to deliberate actions directed at achieving a goal, while reactive aggression refers to emotional response to attack.
- Sensation Seeking
- Sensation-Seeking and Impulsivity as Predictors of Reactive and Proactive Aggression in Adolescents
Thus different theoretical approaches postulate the intervention of different cognitive and social processes for each function Gifford-Smith and Rabiner, The problem in detecting the relationships of the different aspects of proactive and reactive aggression is that the measures of these two functions are often intercorrelated Dodge et al.
However, later studies have shown that the two functions of aggression behave like two independent constructs Poulin and Boivin,although they often occur at the same time Bushman and Anderson, For example, reactive aggression is often related to problems with emotional regulation, internalization symptoms, rejection by classmates or victimization Card and Little, Subjects who show proactive aggression overestimate the positive consequences of aggression and minimize the probability of being punished for it Marsee and Frick, In this respect, scientific evidence suggests that there is a relationship between proactive aggression and certain traits of insensitivity and lack of empathy or guilt Frick and Dickens, Thus both reactive and proactive aggression have been associated with negative effects for development of the individual Hubbard et al.
For example, such consequences as anxiety and depression in reactive aggressors Fite et al.
Sensation-seeking has been related to the development of aggressive behavior Wilson and Scarpa, Risk-taking, as proneness to acting impulsively to achieve reward even though there are negative consequences, would also be associated with aggression and delinquency Romer, Previous studies on the relationship between personality and antisocial behavior have shown that both failure to control impulses and sensation-seeking are related to aggression and rule-breaking Newcomb and McGee, Similarly, little inhibition in childhood leads to rule-breaking and becomes a risk factor for aggression in adolescents Moeller et al.
Findings such as these report the association between impulsive tendencies and the reactive and proactive forms of aggression.
However, proactive aggressive individuals can show a stronger ability to regulate immediate aggressive impulses, channeling them into planned aggression Dodge et al.
Other authors, such as Steinberg et al. Recently, authors like Cui et al. Moreover, two forms of aggression related to interpersonal relationships may be distinguished Buss, ; Valzelli, ; Grotpeter and Crick,physical direct and relational indirect aggression.