Research Starters: Plymouth Colony
Approximately Pilgrims traveled to the New World aboard the Mayflower, become the first permanent European settlement in New England--Plymouth. Native Americans helped Pilgrims by teaching the Pilgrims how to plant corn. Mourt's Relation: A Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth. Cambridge: Boston Apple Wood Book, This is a modern reprint of the account that was written in. These original settlers of Plymouth Colony are known as the Pilgrim Fathers, . Over the next decades, relations between settlers and Native Americans.
After a period in Holland, they set sail from Plymouth, England, on Sept. The Mayflower dropped anchor near present-day Provincetown on Nov.
By legend the Pilgrims stepped ashore at Plymouth Rock; their records do not mention this landmark. Settlers began erecting buildings and rough shelters for the winter. But harsh climate and illness took their toll. By the end of winter half the colonists had died.
Who were the Pilgrims? | Plimoth Plantation
The colonists encountered the Indian Samoset, who surprised them by speaking English, learned from English traders on the coast of Maine. Samoset introduced the colonists to Massasoit, chief of the Wampanoag Indians, who signed a peace treaty with the Pilgrims. Squanto, another English-speaking Indian, acted as guide and interpreter, and with his help the colonists learned to plant corn, catch fish, and gather fruit. The Pilgrims invited the Indians to celebrate their first harvest inan event now celebrated as Thanksgiving Day.
After Massasoit's death, the Wampanoag joined a tribal coalition to eliminate English settlers, but in the ensuing King Philip's War the Wampanoag were nearly exterminated. The colony gradually grew in size, and the original settlement known as the Plimoth Plantation expanded as settlers built houses in the area.
Plymouth Colony retained its independence for over 70 years, and by its population exceeded 7, The colonists also could benefit from the alliance. The colonists actively worked to convert the Wampanoag to Christianity.
Pilgrims and Indians: A practical relationship
Those who did convert were called "praying Indians. For example, colonists let their livestock run loose and destroy Wampanoag crops. Inhostilities broke out in the town of Swansea.
Essential Question How did the colonists and Wampanoags view land, nature, and life differently, and how could these differences lead to misunderstandings and conflict? A primary source is a document or other source of information that was created at or near the time being studied and was written by an authoritative source, usually one with direct personal knowledge of the events being described.
Often, primary sources are inaccurate, incomplete, lost, or written decades after an event. They can be filled with bias. Participants in an event may misunderstand the event or misrepresent it.
Some cultures did not have written records. Therefore, analyzing sources often raises more questions than answers! A secondary source is written by someone who has carefully studied a topic, usually using primary sources. In studying history, we use all possible resources available, including both primary and secondary sources, to try to understand the past.
As students look at primary sources, there are three types of questions to ask. When students are just beginning to analyze and interpret sources, questions 2 and 3 are often combined.
What do you notice? What do you already know? What does this source suggest about our topic? Students will analyze primary and secondary sources, in an effort to identify views of early European colonists and indigenous peoples concerning land, nature, and way of life. Students will discuss the differing views of the colonists and the Wampanoag and how these views led to conflict. Materials Wampanoag Sources Sewall, Marcia. This book has been used with 1st—6th grades.
Thunder from the Clear Sky Levy, Janey. A "Relation" is a story or an account. This document was written to try to entice others to come to Plymouth.
The signer of the preface, G. Mourt, has been identified as George Morton, who settled in Plymouth in Most historians have taken William Bradford and Edward Winslow as the chief authors of the book.
The original version uses varied spellings and seventeenth-century English. Brown, Margaret Wise, ed. Homes in the Wilderness: It retains the flavor of the seventeenth-century original version. Illustrations contain minor anachronisms for example, buckles on hats. A Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth.
Boston Apple Wood Book, This is a modern reprint of the account that was written in of the emigration of the colonists to Cape Cod and their first year in Plymouth Colony.
Roop, Connie and Peter, eds. Our First Year in the New World.