(Ibn Abi Daud, Kitab al-Masahif). Zuhri reports, ‘We have heard that many Qur’an passages were revealed but that those who had memorised. Edition: al-Ṭab’ah 2. Published/Created: Bayrūt: Dār al-Bashā’ir al-Islāmīyah lil- Ṭibā’ah wa-al-Nashr wa-al-Tawzī’, Description: 2 v. ; 25 cm. Language. Buy Kitab al-masahif by °Abd Allah ibn Sulayman Ibn Abi Dawud (ISBN:) from Amazon’s Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders.
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To his deep sorrow, he discovered that the only person who had any record of that verse had been killed kotab the battle of Yamama and that the verse was consequently lost. Ibn Abi Daud, Kitab al-Masahif. In the Name of God, the Merciful and Compassionate. Thank you for your question. May Allah grant you the best of states and guide you to what is pleasing to Him.
It was indeed complete, with no parts lost or missing. Reading isolated texts or detailed religious discussions without firm and sound belief at the onset is somewhat of a grope in the dark.
كـتـاب الـمـصـاحـف – Kitab al-Masahif
Moreover, without having learnt the fundamentals of the traditional Islamic sciences, including the auxiliary disciplines such as the Arabic language, and under qualified scholars, approaching translated texts can be hazardous. That is not to say, however, that we should not investigate and grapple with difficult or controversial texts. But this must only be done when certain fundamental beliefs and facts are in place.
Therefore, before we come kktab the issues you mentioned, it would behove us to go over some of these basic realities. Therefore, it is appropriate to ask: And it is protected through its inimitability, such that no one will [ever] be capable to oppose it or produce anything like unto kiyab. This is also the same explanation given in every other reliable book of Quranic Exegesis.
If so, and we have full conviction and faith that God has promised to maasahif His Book, kjtab does it matter that parts have been lost? Would it affect our faith in what maxahif in any way or our practice of the religion? It is of no doubt that these great companions and great scholars knew full well the responsibility and burden amsahif carried in preserving the religion for future generations.
A reader may wonder what all this has to do with the specific questions that has been enquired about in the question, and why I am mentioning all this?! After all, it would suffice to simply answer whether such narrations are authentic or not. However, like many such discussions, there is a bigger picture. One of my teachers was once explaining to me the erroneous theological statement of a certain group, that looks sensible and harmless on the outset, but when analysed critically, comes uncomfortably close to blasphemy.
Was the Originally Compiled Qur’an During the Era of Abu Bakr Incomplete?
He likened it to a dirty carpet which has been rolled up and put away. An onlooker will just see a carpet rolled up. But once you unravel it, and spread it out into full view, the full extent of the dirt it contains becomes apparent.
All of which kjtab reprehensible to any believer. I finish this initial discussion with the following two hadiths which are pertinent to our topic.
Kitab Al Masahif
He exhorted us to hold fast to the Book of Allah and then said: The second are the members of my household I remind you of your duties to the members of my family. Consensus of the scholars of this ummah constitutes as a binding proof on any matter. This means that any matter that has been kitan agreed upon cannot be incorrect or misguidance.
Furthermore, the concept of Tawaatir is another binding proof, where a large masaahif of people all relay and agree on the same information, so much so that it is impossible that they are lying or mistaken. The esteemed scholar, Shaykh Gibril F. Haddad has already answered this first question. Therefore, I will quote Shaykh Gibril in kiyab to this individual question:. Rather, let him say: I have encompassed kitzb amount of it has been facilitated [for me to know].
Whoever claims that he knows them, is a liar. Perhaps I have missed it elsewhere in the book but a thorough search has only bought up the narration I have provided above.
I am not sure which translation the questioner is reading from. However, it has been documented that the English translation of Kitab al Masaahif by the Christian orientalist Arthur Jeffery, and many of his other works, is not an accurate translation, if not deliberately misleading.
Regardless, the translation offered is at best a very poor translation, and at worst, an outright lie. Sayyidna Umar already knew the verse he was looking for by heart as he was a hafidhas did numerous amounts of the other Companions and most likely the person he asked about it!
Kitab Al Masahif
It is clear that Sayyidna Umar was not asking for masayif verse because he did not know it, or it had not been memorised by others, or that it had been forgotten or lost somehow. He wanted the material it was written on, a hard copy as it were.
Many of the scholars, particularly the early ones, used to write books which were a culmination of every piece ql information they could find on the given subject. Often times, they did kitzb state or separate the strong, weak, fabricated or sound narrations. This was not their mission. Their role was to collect and present everything as they found it.
Therefore, when one reads such books we should understand this point and not jump to conclusions when we first read something.
The task of filtering through such works requires expertise and scholarly precision, let alone a lot of time. It is also a testament to the truthfulness and veracity of our scholars that they did this, as it would have been easy for them to be selective and choose what suits them or only that which supports their opinions.
Rather they compiled and passed down everything they could gather so that later scholars could critically assess and scrutinise each piece of information, and this is something they did meticulously. La, if one reads further on in the same book and looks at other biographic books, we find a different picture, masahiv that Ibn Abu Dawud is held by the majority of scholars of hadith as an Imam in the science, and indeed many of his contemporaries and subsequent scholars of hadith stated that he was more expert in hadith than his own father!
Therefore, there is some discrepancy between these two pictures. Whatever the reasons and debate surrounding the personality of Ibn Abu Dawud, it does not take away from his work. mxsahif
It is best that we only have the highest opinion of Ibn Abu Dawud, like all scholars, particularly because the vast majority of hadith scholars regard him as an expert and Imam in the field.
And Allah knows best. When the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him would receive revelation, it would be impressed in his memory. He would pass the revelation to his companions in its entirety and instruct some to write it down and memorise.
The Prophet peace and blessings be upon him had a number of scribes, one of these being Sayyidna Zaid bin Thabit. If there were any mistakes, the Prophet would correct it immediately and then present it in front of everyone.
These collections, of course, were not verified by the Prophet or any of the scribes, being as they were, personal writings of each person. The fact that surahs, including the Fatiha, were missing in certain copies merely means that just like there were many copies which were complete, other copies belonging to various individuals were incomplete.
This has no ramification or consequence on the final compilation of the Quran scrupulously undertaken by Sayiddna Zaid bin Thabit under the order of Sayiddna Abu Bakr and with the assistance of Sayiddna Umar may Allah be please with them all.
Sayyidna Zayd bin Thabit was extremely cautious and diligent when collating the material. Each piece was verified through his own memory and verified by Sayiddna Umar, who himself was a Hafidh. Meticulously upright and reliable witnesses were also bought forth to testify that each piece that was written was done so in the presence of the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him.
Each piece was collated and compared to the collections of other companions. Sayyidna Abu Bakr, himself a Hafidh, and the greatest of the Companions, affirmed the final compilation. Shaykh Jamir Meah grew up in Hampstead, London. Subscribe to Compass Newsletter Get the best of Seekershub to your inbox.