KERATINOPHILIC FUNGI KERALA PDF

Abstract. One hundred and fifty-eight soil samples were collected from various areas of four districts of Kerala and screened for prevalence of keratinophilic fungi. This chapter discusses the occurrence of keratinophilic fungi in different habitats Deshmukh and Verekar b), Kerala (Deshmukh b), the Andamans. Incidence of keratinophilic fungi from selected soils of Kerala state (India). Deshmukh SK(1). Author information: (1)Dept. of Natural Products, Quest Institute of.

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It is reported from Indian soils [ 262930 ]. Numbers at the respective nodes are percentage of bootstrap replicates. One hundred fugni fifty samples were collected from eleven districts of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state and screened for the presence of keratinophilic fungi using hair baiting technique for isolation.

View at Google Scholar T. Distribution of soil samples examined of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra India.

Seventy-one isolates were recovered and identified. Various workers have isolated Chrysosporium zonatum from Indian soil [ 3132 ].

These areas potentially have a high risk for causing cutaneous fungal infections in humans and animals and could be considered as a source of these infections. Bar indicates genetic distance due to sequence variation. Negative controls were used in each set of reactions. Chrysosporium tropicum was reported from comb lesion in two fhngi breeds of chicken in India [ 50 ].

It is a cosmopolitan species and has been reported from various parts of India [ 17182728 ]. The cultures were identified using macro- and micromorphological features.

Gymnoascoideus petalosporus was previously recorded from Chilka Lake soil [ 35 ], soils from Vedanthangal Water Bird Sanctuary [ 20 ], and soils of Orissa [ 33 ].

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We therefore undertook this study and report the results obtained. Introduction Keratinophilic fungi are an ecologically important group of fungi that decompose one of the most abundant and highly stable animal proteins on earth-keratin which they utilize as keratinophiluc nutrient substrate for growth.

There are reports of disseminated infections due to C.

Incidence of keratinophilic fungi from selected soils of Kerala state (India).

It appears from kwratinophilic study that a rich variety of keratinophilic fungal flora exists in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra which may be attributed to the climatic and environmental conditions such as the soil type, vegetation, fauna, and human habitations. View at Google Scholar M. Since then studies on the isolation of keratinophilic fungi from soil have been investigated throughout the world [ 4 — 7 ].

The sequences of the ITS Tropical climate and topology of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra make this region a potentially interesting area to study the distribution of these fungi.

View at Google Scholar A. Gymnascella hyalinospora was reported from Indian soils by Singh and Kushwaha [ 32 ] and Deshmukh [ 34 ]. Human hairs from a years-old male were used. Sterile Petri dishes were half filled with the soil samples and moistened with water and baited with keratin by burying sterile human hairs in the soil.

Chrysosporium state of Ctenomyces serratus was recorded in 3. Chrysosporium state of Ctenomyces serratus and Trichophyton mentagrophytes keralx the smallest and the largest, respectively.

View at Google Scholar R. The results of the isolations are presented in Table 2. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper. Both patients presented pulmonary cavity sites [ 49 ].

Incidence of keratinophilic fungi from selected soils of Kerala state (India).

Our findings confirm the presence of keratinophilic and related dermatophytes in the soils of Vidarbha region. The other species of dermatophytes recovered were Trichophyton mentagrophytes 2. Auxarthron conjugatum is reported from Indian soils by Deshmukh and Verekar [ 20 ], Jain and Agrawal [ 36 ], and Deshmukh and Agrawal [ 37 ].

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View at Google Scholar I. Anamorphic state of Uncinocarpus queenslandicus i. For isolation, hair bait technique of Vanbreuseghem [ 3 ] was used.

Journal of Mycology

We also encountered Arthroderma sp. For phylogenetic tree construction, multiple sequences were kerationphilic from GenBank and the alignments were performed using MEGA6 [ 16 ]. The samples were collected from forest land, cultivated land, road side, public gardens, poultry farm, cattle farm, garbage, and lake side.

The final products were analyzed by electrophoresis on 1. Abstract One hundred and fifty samples were collected from eleven districts of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state and screened for the keratinophulic of keratinophilic fungi using hair baiting technique for isolation. Thus, these fungi may be regarded as opportunistic pathogens. Sites of collection of soil samples in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra.

There are some reports of occurrence of keratinophilic fungi from various parts of Maharashtra [ 40475556 ], but to best of our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive report on incidence of keratinophilic fungi from Vidarbha region. Gymnascella dankaliensis was reported from superficial infections in human beings [ 52 ] and Iwen et al.