Data on shoot borer, Chilo infuscatellus Snell., infestation and granulosis virus infection were collected from sugarcane planted during early. Family – Pyralidae. Genus – Chilo. Species – infuscatellus. Distribution: It is a major pest of sugarcane and is prevalent in all the cane growing areas of India. PDF | Studies regarding the management of sugarcane stem borer, Chilo infuscatellus through different release levels of Trichogramma.
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Shoot Borer (Chilo infuscatellus): Distribution in India, Life Cycle and Control
Anatomical, physical and chemical characteristics of four different cultivars were assessed in India by Kennedy and Nachiappan and they concluded that factors conferring resistance included a relatively thick sclerenchymatous layer of tissue in the leaf-sheaths, shorter vascular bundle distance, higher compressive strength of stalks, higher tillering ability, high contents of silica, potassium, magnesium, phenol and ascorbic acid and low contents of nitrogen, chlorophyll and amino acids.
Chang and Wang reported that brix, purity and sugar content of cane juice were significantly lower in sugarcane varieties infested with a number of borers including C.
Tunnelled stems may break, infuscaatellus in high winds. However, the cumulative percentage incidence of the borer was above the economic threshold level at all five planting dates examined Jhansi and Rao, Singh and Singh also reported that chemical treatment reduced the number of plants attacked by C. Biological pest control through introduction of tachinid flies from Africa and the Caribbean has been attempted, but those flies have failed to become established.
Distribution in India, Life Cycle and Control.
Young larvae eat small holes in the leaves, particularly the leaf sheaths. It may appear in February but the general time of appearenge in Indian conditions is March-May. The plants are large and occupy the site for two or more years and insecticides are not normally practicable. Host-Plant Resistance Many sugarcane cultivars show some level of field resistance or tolerance to C.
Removal of affected plants having dead heart right from the ground level. By adjusting the time of plantation of the cane and emergence of moth, the two should not coincide with each other.
Leaf Hopper Chilo infuscatellus: The effect of planting date ranging from mid-February to mid-March on the incidence of C.
Shoot Borer Chilo infuscatellus: Product Description We are reckoned cyilo the clients for offering a quality tested array of Chilo Infuscatellus. Control of Chilo infuscatellus in sugar plantations is difficult. This pest is mainly injurious to the younge plants. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. The time of appearance of this pest and the details of life history varies in different places depending upon the climate and planting time of the sugarcane. View Contact Call Seller Now.
Tunnels are also formed within the shoot as a result infusctellus quality and quantity of the juice is reduced. Call Send a quick message. Cultural Control Various cultural measures have been recommended, but may not always be practicable in sugar plantations. Release of the egg parasites Telenomus beneficious, Trichograma spp. It has also been reported as a minor pest of sugarcane in Papua New Guinea Li, Botanical Pesticides in Bengaluru.
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yellow top borer of sugarcane (Chilo infuscatellus)
The larvae feed on a number of large plants in the grass family Poaceae ; these include oats Avena sativacitronella grass Cymbopogon winterianusBermuda grass Cynodon dactylonJava grass Cyperus rotundusjungle rice Echinochloa colonabarley Hordeum vulgarerice Oryza sativamillet Panicumpearl millet Pennisetum glaucumsugarcane Saccharum officinarumsorghum Sorghum bicolor and maize Zea mays.
Number of Employees 26 to 50 People. Find more suppliers in Bengaluru Biopesticide Chemical in Bengaluru. The terminal leaves then die and form characteristic dead hearts. We are reckoned amongst the clients for offering a quality tested array of Chilo Infuscatellus. In China, a significant correlation was found between the number of withered young leaves resulting from borer infestation and yield losses.
Chilo infuscatellusthe yellow top borer or sugarcane shoot boreris a moth in the family Crambidae. Other results generally make comparisons between increased yields when control methods are applied or they refer to losses caused by a mixture of pests.
Year of Establishment The maximum number of deadhearts due to C. The stems become brittle and the dead hearts of the plants are characteristic of this pest.
In Pakistan inundative releases of 45 million Trichogramma chilonis on experimental areas over 3 years was considered to give effective control Ashraf et al. Estimates of effects on yield suggest a loss of 0.
A number of natural enemies can reduce the damage done by this pest; these include the tiny wasps of the genera Trichogramma and Telenomusthe egg parasitoid Cotesia flavipesthe fly Sturmiopsis inferensvarious egg predators and the granulosis virus.
The damage is done by the caterpillars which bores into the stem and feed the soft tissues.
Molecular Detection of Chilo infuscatellus.
Ponalab Biogrowth Private Limited incorporated in the year has emerged as one of the prominent Manufacturers of high quality seeds, growth agents, bio pesticides, bio insecticides, pheromone actives, insect lures and insect traps. Programmes of screening for resistance are active in countries where this pest occurs Arvind Misra and Sardana, ; Verma et al.
The lower wings are greyish-white and the palpi are pointed forward. Articles with ‘species’ microformats. As irrigation levels increased, the damage due to the pest decreased Parsana et al.