Holocaust Lit | Eiger, Mönch & Jungfrau
(4) Mrs. Motonowa, a seller of black market goods, hides Vladek and Anja in What does this ending tell us about the relationship between Artie and Vladek?. death of Anja. Mala's relationship with Vladek is in turmoil. Richieu Spiegelman- The first child of Vladek and Anja. Mrs. Motonowa- Involved in the black market in Sosnowiec, and also hides the Spiegelmans for a spell. Vladek and Anja send their son, Richieu, to stay with a relative in another but Vladek is able to survive by marketing his skills as a tin worker and a shoemaker. the Holocaust, and talks with his therapist about his relationship with his father.
How was this different from their treatment of Polish P. What recurring meaning does "Parshas Truma" have in his life? How does Vladek arrange to be reunited with his wife and son?
What visual device does Spiegelman use to show him disguising himself as a Polish Gentile? The Noose Tightens 1. Describe the activities depicted in the family dinner scene on pages What do they tell you about the Zylberbergs?
Although Jews were allowed only limited rations under the Nazi occupation, Vladek manages to circumvent these restrictions for a while. What methods does he use to support himself and his family?
During the brutal mass arrest depicted on page 80, Vladek is framed by a panel shaped like a Jewish star. How does this device express his situation at that moment? What happened to little Richieu? When Vladek begins telling this story on page 81, the first three rows of panels are set in the past, while the bottom three panels return us to the present and show the old Vladek pedaling his stationary bicycle.
Why do you think Spiegelman chooses to conclude this anecdote in this manner? What does the scene on pages suggest about the ways in which some Jews died and others survived? This chapter and the one that follows both have the word "mouse" in their titles. What reason might he have for doing so? Why does Artie claim that he became an artist? How does the comic strip "Prisoner on the Hell Planet" depict Artie and his family?
How did you feel on learning that Artie has been hospitalized for a nervous breakdown? Why do you think he has chosen to draw himself dressed in a prison uniform? What is the effect of seeing these mice suddenly represented as human beings? Why did Anja finally consent to send Richieu away? Was his death "better" than the fate of the children depicted on page ? Describe the strategies that Vladek used to conceal Anja and himself during the liquidation of the ghetto. How did the Germans flush them from hiding?
What eventually happens to the "mouse" who informed on the Spiegelmans? What does the incident on pages and tell us about relations between Jews and Germans? Does the knowledge that some Nazis fraternized with their victims make their crimes more or less horrible? How did Vladek care for Anja after the destruction of the Srodula ghetto? Contrast his behavior toward his first wife, during the worst years of the war, with the way he now treats Mala.
Is this statement just a product of broken English, or does it reveal some deeper truth about what happens when we record our personal histories? What visual device does Spiegelman use to show the difference between them? Why might the author have portrayed this incident? On page Vladek is almost betrayed by a group of schoolchildren.
What stories did Poles tell their children about Jews? How do you think such stories—and perhaps similar stories told by German parents—helped pave the way for the Final Solution? Why does Vladek want to flee to Hungary? How are he and Anja eventually captured? Why does Artie call his father a murderer? Who else has he called a murderer, and why? The characters of Maus I 1. The care with which individual panels are constructed—Spigeleman once said in an interview that the main thing he learned from his father was how to pack a suitcase: As an example of the latter, we looked at a panel showing Vladek and Anja on the run, having been driven from yet another hiding place, running along a pathway whose branches form a swastika.
Finally, we looked at a two-page spread halfway though the first volume where an almost subliminal story is told in the images that ends up reinforcing the one discussed in the narration and dialogue Vladek is describing how food began to grow scarce in occupied Poland and how heavily the wealthy Zylberbergs had to rely on the black market; in the images, of a large family dinner that attempts to recreate pre-war life, Richieu overturns his bowl and is first punished and then consoled by various family members.
Maus I: A Survivor's Tale by Art Spiegelman - Teacher's Guide - hair-restore.info: Books
Now, having read both volumes, we were ready to tackle the animal conceit, working through why Spiegelman chose to represent the different groups in the way he did.
In the process I had us track how the metaphor changes as the book goes on. Tellingly volume 2 starts with Artie wondering how he should draw his wife, Francoise. As a mouse, because she converted to Judaism?
After all, we do eventually see a mixed German-Jewish couple whose children are striped tabby mice. More significantly, we see Spiegelman switch from animal heads to animal masks as he includes in his story the experience of making of the text. Earlier, he had used masks when characters tried to pass as something other than themselves as Vladek does in the streets of occupied Poland, for example. Here he and the other characters are clearly humans wearing what are clearly visible as animal masks.Advantages And Disadvantages Of Relationship Marketing
In this way, the animal metaphor is ironized and destabilized, made to seem the relics of a past way of thinking about identity—though, tellingly, they are not abandoned altogether.
After all, in Maus the past never lets go. I told the class I had three topics I wanted us to consider: I started by referring to a line quoted by the brilliant scholar Sara Horowitz in an influential essay on gender and Holocaust literature. Artie asks his father what his mother experienced when they were separated from each other upon arriving at Auschwitz. I reminded the class that the first thing Artie says to his father when he asks him to tell his story is: We soon concluded her character is quite complex.
She is both mentally and physically frail, relying on Vladek to jolly, even bully her into health. Yet she is also strong: Vladek explains how he discovered shortly after their marriage that Anja had for some time been translating secret documents into German for a Communist group, a clandestine and illegal activity that she narrowly escaped being arrested for.
The point, I suggested, is that Vladek seeks to make her life conform to his, just as he does retrospectively when he tells Artie that her experiences at Auschwitz were the same as is. Maybe his depiction of how much she relied on him is just another instance of his seemingly insatiable need to be in control, to be the consummate fixer, a trait that saved his life on more than one occasion in the camps.
Seeing how important it is for Vladek to control his portrayal of Anja, we might wonder if Artie does something similar. But earlier, in the wake of her suicide, he describes her as needy and smothering, in fact, as having murdered him. Is it really, as Vladek repeats over and over, that she wants his money?
Mala seems particularly hard done by in the book, and not just by Vladek. I pointed to a scene in which Artie, leaving his father winded after another long session on the exercise bike, comes across Mala in the kitchen.
He mentions the round up in Sosnowiecz that Vladek has just been telling him about. Mala, who had experienced it as well, begins to tell the story of her family, including what sounds like an extraordinary feat of her own, in which she managed to smuggle her mother out of the ghetto.
Spiegelman, in one of the books few light moments, even depicts Vladek trying to return a bag full of open and partially eaten groceries to the store. Without question, the holocaust is responsible for the severe changes in the demeanor of this man. Vladek himself even admits his compulsive reluctance to waste anything is the product of years of having little.
It is clear that he has also never really gotten over Anja's death. This is perhaps some of the reason why he is so critical of Maya. For example, at one point in volume one, Vladek takes Art to the bank to go through Vladek's social security box--where he keeps some valuables secret from Mala. There Vladek complains about his wife: What do you want from me? Why I ever remarried? Anja killed herself because she could not come to terms with the holocaust. Her death, like the holocaust itself, haunted him all his life.
Art's Survivor's Tale While Vladek's memoir is an important part of the story, Maus is equally the story of Spiegleman himself trying to come to grips with the holocaust and his father's memories.
Maus I: A Survivor’s Tale Teacher’s Guide
Yet what makes Maus unique from other holocaust narratives--besides, of course, its form--is how Spiegelman portrays not only his father's story but his own as he struggles to put together Vladek's rambling recollections into a coherent narrative. This is doubly difficult since Art can barely stand being around his difficult father.
Hence, throughout the book Art depicts scenes inwhich he implores his father to stick to his tale. For example, early in the first volume, after Vladek characteristically complains about Mala, Art responds, "Please, Pop! I'd rather not hear all that again. Tell me aboutwhen you were drafted" Vol. Art's attempt to deal with his family's history is portrayed in several ways throughout the work.
Spiegelman devotes the most attention to this theme in chapter two of the second volume, "Auschwitz Time Flies ". With this title Spiegleman links the chapter to chapter one's "Mauswitz".
While chapter one depicts Vladek in mouse form arriving and struggling to survive at the concentration camp, chapter two depicts Art struggling cope with the very real horror's of Auschwitz. Indeed, in this chapter Spiegelman does not draw himself as a mouse but as a man wearing a mouse mask--symbolizing his struggle to identify with his father's story. This chapter also allows Spiegelman to take full advantage of the form he has chosen. For example, on page 42 Spiegelman depicts himself being barraged by the media attention the publishing of the first volume has given him.
Through a series of panels, Art is shown shrinking in his chair from the media's questions until he is finally the size of a child.