Gordon Brown reveals truth over 'Granita pact' with Tony Blair
Tony Blair and Gordon Brown endured a troublesome relationship. The pair famously reached a deal in , where Brown agreed not to. Tony Blair and Gordon Brown – timeline. A potted history of the relationship between the Labour prime ministers, starting with their election to. Did the Blair-Brown relationship contain the seeds of Labour's Alastair Campbell on spin, Iraq and a nightmare about Tony and Gordon.
In domestic government policy, Blair significantly increased public spending on health and education while also introducing controversial market-based reforms in these areas. Blair's tenure also saw the introduction of a National Minimum Wage, tuition fees for higher education, and constitutional reform such as devolution in Scotland and Wales.
The British economy performed well, and Blair kept to Conservative commitments not to increase income tax, although he did introduce a large number of subtle tax increases referred to as stealth taxes by his opponents. His contribution towards assisting the Northern Ireland Peace Process by helping to negotiate the Good Friday Agreement after 30 years of conflict was widely recognized.
From the start of the War on Terror inBlair strongly supported United States foreign policy, notably by participating in the invasions of Afghanistan in and Iraq in He encountered fierce criticism as a result, over the policy itself and the circumstances in which it was decided upon, especially his claims that Iraq was developing weapons of mass destruction which have not been discovered in Iraq.
For his unwavering support of the United States government's foreign policy, Blair was honored with the Congressional Gold Medal on July 18, Following pressure from the Labor Party, on September 7, Blair publicly stated he would step down as party leader by the time of the Trades Union Congress TUC conference which was held from September, having promised to serve a full term during the previous general-election campaign.
Relationship with Labor Party Blair's apparent refusal to set a date for his departure was criticized by the British press and Members of Parliament. It was reported that a number of cabinet ministers believed that Blair's timely departure from office would be required to be able to win a fourth election. Some ministers viewed Blair's announcement of policy initiatives in September as an attempt to draw attention away from these issues.
Upon his return from his holiday in the West Indies, he announced that all the speculation about his leaving must stop. This stirred not only his traditional critics, but also traditional party loyalists.
While the Blair government introduced social policies supported by the left of the Labor Party, such as the minimum wage and measures to reduce child poverty, Blair was seen on economic and management issues as being to the right of much of the party.
A possible comparison was made with American Democrats such as Joe Lieberman, who had been accused by their party's "base" of adopting their opponents' political stances. Some critics described Blair as a "reconstructed neoconservative" or Thatcherite. He was occasionally described as "Son of Thatcher," though Lady Thatcher herself rejected this identification in an interview with ITV1 on the night of the election, saying that, in her opinion, the resemblances were superficial.
Blair himself has often expressed admiration for Thatcher. This earned him criticism from trade-union leaders within the Labor Party, most notably over the political alliance with Berlusconi, who was engaged in disputes with Italian trade unions.
Relationship with Parliament Blair changed Parliamentary procedures significantly.
One of his first acts as Prime Minister was to replace the then twice-weekly, minute sessions of Prime Minister's Questions, held on a Tuesday and Thursday, with a single, minute session on a Wednesday. This reform was said to have led to greater efficiency, but critics have noted that it is easier to prepare for one long set of questions than for two shorter sessions.
In addition to PMQs, Blair held monthly press conferences, at which he fielded questions from journalists. Other procedural reforms included changing the official times for Parliamentary sessions in order to have Parliament operate in a more business-like manner. Bush shake hands after their press conference in the East Room of the White House on November 12, Along with enjoying a close relationship with Bill Clinton during the latter's time in office, Blair has formed a strong political alliance with George W.
Bushparticularly in the area of foreign policy. At one point inNelson Mandela described Blair as "the U. There was nothing, no payback, no sense of reciprocity.
In his post-September 11 speech, for example, he stated that "America has no truer friend than Great Britain. Blair and Levy soon became close friends and tennis partners. Levy ran the Labor Leader's Office Fund to finance Blair's campaign before the General Election and received substantial contributions from such figures as Alex Bernstein and Robert Gavron, both of whom were ennobled by Blair after he came to power.
Levy was created a life peer by Blair inand injust prior to the Iraq War, Blair appointed Levy as his personal envoy to the Middle East. Levy has praised Blair for his "solid and committed support of the State of Israel"  and has been described himself as "a leading international Zionist".
They stated they had "watched with deepening concern" at Britain following the U. The diplomats also criticized Blair for his support for the road map, which included the retaining of settlements on the West Bank stating, "Our dismay at this backward step is heightened by the fact that you yourself seem to have endorsed it, abandoning the principles which for nearly four decades have guided international efforts to restore peace in the Holy Land.
The Observer newspaper claimed that at a cabinet meeting before Blair left for a summit with President George Bush on July 28,a significant number of ministers pressured Blair to publicly criticize Israel over the scale of deaths and destruction in Lebanon. On June 24, he formally handed over the leadership of the Labor Party to Gordon Brown at a special party conference in Manchester.
Blair tendered his resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to the Queen on June 27,his successor Gordon Brown assuming office the same afternoon. He also resigned his seat in the House of Commons in the traditional form of accepting the Stewardship of the Chiltern Hundreds to which he was appointed by Gordon Brown in one of the latter's last acts as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
It is impossible to resign from the UK Parliament, so this device is used for MPs wishing to step down. The resulting Sedgefield by-election was won by Labor's candidate, Phil Wilson.
Blair decided not to issue a list of Resignation Honors, making him the first Prime Minister of the modern era not to do so. Blair originally indicated that he would retain his parliamentary seat after his resignation as Prime Minister came into effect; however, he resigned from the House of Commons on being confirmed for the Middle-East role, by taking up an office for profit.
Bush had preliminary talks with Blair to ask him to take up the envoy role. White House sources stated that "both Israel and the Palestinians had signed up to the proposal. Legacy Critics and admirers tend to agree that Blair's electoral success was based on his ability to occupy the center ground and appeal to voters across the political spectrum, to the extent that he has been fundamentally at odds with traditional Labor Party values.
He introduced substantial market-based reforms in the education and health sectors, introduced student tuition fees also controversialsought to reduce certain categories of welfare payments, and introduced tough anti-terrorism and identity card legislation.
Honors On May 22,Blair received an honorary law doctorate from Queen's University Belfast, alongside former taoiseach Bertie Ahern, for distinction in public service and roles in the Northern Ireland peace process.
Tony Blair finally reveals the truth about the Granita pact with Gordon Brown | hair-restore.info
The President stated that Blair was given the award "in recognition of exemplary achievement and to convey the utmost esteem of the American people,"  and cited Blair's support for the War on Terror and his role in achieving peace in Northern Ireland as two outstanding services which qualified him for the award.
The Tony Blair Sports Foundation On November 14,Blair launched The Tony Blair Sports Foundation, a charity which aims to increase childhood participation in sports activities, especially in the North East of England, where a larger proportion of children are socially excluded, and to promote overall health and prevent childhood obesity.
The Tony Blair Faith Foundation On May 30,Tony Blair launched the Tony Blair Faith Foundation  as a vehicle for encouraging different faiths to join together in promoting respect and understanding, as well as working to tackle poverty.
Reflecting Blair's own faith, but not dedicated to any particular religion, the Foundation aims to "show how faith is a powerful force for good in the modern world. Blair was also criticized for an alleged tendency to spin important information in a way that can be misleading. No charges were ever brought due to lack of evidence. InBlair in a visit to the United States made an comment concerning "great industrialized nations" that fail to reduce greenhouse gas-emissions.
Again inBlair went before the United States Congress and said that climate change "cannot be ignored," insisting "we need to go beyond even Kyoto.
Blair and his party promised a percent reduction in carbon dioxide but, during his term the emissions rose. The Labor Party also claimed that by10 percent of the energy would come from renewable resources, but in fact only three percent currently does. Retrieved February 24, Reflections on Tony Blair. How We Got Here: ISBN Northern Ireland peace deal reached.
Blair battles "poodle" jibes. A documentary history of the United States. Once again, we are joined together in a great cause—so honored the British Prime Minister has crossed an ocean to show his unity of purpose with America.
Thank you for coming, friend. Many people in Britain felt that the country was in the grip of a serious malaise. Social cohesion seemed to be collapsing in much of urban Britain, as shown by a steep rise in violent crime and open drug dealing.
Public officials in the police, civil serviceand education sectors seemed to be unable to grapple effectively with the social crisis as they struggled to meet bureaucratic targets.
BBC NEWS | UK | UK Politics | Timeline: Blair vs Brown
After Islamic extremists exploded bombs in London on July 7,killing 54 people, Blair began to emphasize the need for a common public culture, and former multicultural policies that encouraged ethnic groups to separate into different communities were repudiated. Tony Blair addressing the media, as leaders attending the G-8 summit look on, in Gleneagles, Scot.
Subsequently, many Labour members of Parliament called for Blair to announce a date for his departure as prime minister well before the next general election; following a series of resignations by junior ministers, Blair declared in September that he would stand down as prime minister within a year.
On May 10, —one week after Labour was defeated by the Scottish National Party in elections to the Scottish Parliament and suffered major defeats in English local elections as well and two days after devolved power was returned from London to a power-sharing government in Northern Ireland—Blair announced that he would officially tender his resignation as prime minister on June 27, Blair subsequently was succeeded as leader of the Labour Party and as prime minister by his long-serving chancellor of the Exchequer, Gordon Brown.
Numerous minority groups found his government more sympathetic to their concerns—notably gays, who by were allowed to enter into civil partnerships recognized by the law. Blair showed a remarkable ability to convey optimism and energy in the face of adversity caused not least by the failure in Iraq. Critics of his record argued that, instead of using his parliamentary majority to reform the institutions of state, he pursued incoherent short-term policies that left Britain ill-governed in important areas.
The state became more intrusive and even more authoritarian without managing to overcome a range of social ills, particularly rising crime and drug use. The economy grew steadily, but it was burdened by low productivity and growing volumes of personal and state debt. Citizens were heavily taxed, and Britain lost much of its remaining manufacturing base, becoming more dependent on financial services and low-skilled sectors for progress. Blair allowed millions of mainly low-skilled migrant workers to settle in the country, and he was criticized for leaving the economy more exposed to the forces of globalization than that of any other large Western country.
The biggest cloud hanging over his reputation was the failure to ensure that British involvement in the invasion and occupation of Iraq resulted in policies capable of preventing that country from becoming a source of instability in the Middle East. History could judge his premiership more kindly in the future. However, at the time that he stepped down, Blair was widely viewed as a lucky politician with exceptional talents that enabled him to be a successful vote winner but ultimately lacking the ability to be a noteworthy reformer at home or a stabilizing force in a world facing the resurgence of dangerous divisions.
Tony Blair recalls ‘Gordon Brown debate’ with Sir Alex Ferguson: ‘Get rid of him!’
Blair made headlines in December when he converted to Roman Catholicism Britain has never had a Roman Catholic prime minister. Before his conversion, he had publicly maintained silence on matters of personal faith, but by he had demonstrated a deep commitment to initiatives aimed at fostering interfaith cooperation globally. In Blair published his memoir, A Journey, in which he reasserted his support for the Iraq War and described his strained relationship with Gordon Brown.
Evidence was provided by about witnesses—including Blair, who testified twice—and somedocuments, among which were communications between Blair and Bush. Having won what he deemed to be sufficient concessions from the council, Cameron then scheduled a national referendum for June 23,on whether Britain should withdraw from the EU.
British voters shocked the world by voting in favour of exiting the EU.