King Richard the Lionheart & Saladin - Top 25 Political Icons - TIME
Not an answer to your question, but if you have an interest in the relationship between Saladin and Richard the Lionheart, and, by extension. Saladin was an unusual man who tried to win the "hearts and minds" of . I believe Saladin showed kindness to Richard the Lionheart not. This pitched the English king Richard the Lionheart against Saladin (Ṣalāḥ In the film, there's a whole contrived marriage plot, which is.
Saladin decided to try and retake Jaffa, but Richard was able to defeat Saladin once again. Because of Richard's need for departure and because the resources of both Richard and Saladin were very low, they reached a three-year truce on 2 Septemberin which the Christians had to give up a small portion of their gains and Christian pilgrims would be allowed to enter Jerusalem. The Third Crusade failed in its goal to recapture Jerusalem, but it did secure the coastline from Jaffa to Tyre, creating a point from which future crusades could be launched.
Both Richard and Saladin were successful generals; Richard's successes not only at the siege of Acre but also during the Battle of Arsuf testify to this, as do Saladin's victories when first taking Acre and during the Battle of Hattin. Richard, for example, showed an appreciation of wider strategy in acknowledging the role of Egypt, and he also realized that although he and the other crusaders might be able to recapture the city of Jerusalem, that it would be very difficult to defend the city.
As a general, Saladin made "himself known to the rank and file of the soldiers in his army, creating bonds of loyalty and solidarity and enhancing corporate morale", important factors in waging battle. Both Richard and Saladin were also capable of the slaughter of a great number of prisoners.
Richard was "capable on occasion of extreme severity towards prisoners", such as when he had "many Muslim prisoners killed at Acre", perhaps numbering as many as 3, After Acre, Saladin delayed in living up to the terms of his treaty with Richard in an attempt to keep "the king hanging on for a long time".
Primary sources provide a great deal of evidence that corroborates many of the specific details of the Third Crusade. In fact, one of the only major differences within several of the sources deals with issues of the descriptions and portrayals of Richard and Saladin themselves. In the Itinerarium Saladin is a figure with many negative qualities for much of the work, up until the point at which he and Richard conclude the three-year truce in According the author of the Itinerarium, Saladin "treacherously killed He is presented as a cruel man who had Christians slaughtered, wounded, and thrown into chains and had many prominent Christians such as Templars and the prince of Antioch beheaded.
One of them retorts that God is using Saladin for God's own purpose, "'just as a worldly father sometimes when he is enraged grabs a filthy stick from the mud with which to beat his erring sons, and then throws it back into the dungpit from which he took it.
Later, the author of the Itinerarium writes that Saladin is a "timid creature, like a frightened hare. Following the conclusion of his truce with Richard, however, Saladin seems to become a different person in the Itinerarium. Not only do Richard and Saladin converse amicably through messengers, but Saladin also shows Hubert Walter, bishop of Salisbury "much honor and fulfilled all his requests" when the bishop visits Jerusalem.
What We Can Learn From Saladin
Saladin "enjoin[s] his servants to show the bishop and his people every kindness. Hubert even tells Saladin that if there were any way in which to combine "[Saladin's] virtues with those of King Richard, and share them out between [them] so that both The Itinerarium's description of Saladin becomes much more positive and essentially the direct opposite of what it had been prior to the truce between Richard and Saladin.
Ambroise's description of Saladin in his Crusade is much more balanced throughout the work, although his view of Saladin is definitely not always positive. He also describes the way in which Saladin honors the safe-conduct of Christian pilgrims and even honors them, as well as the way in which he courteously receives Hubert Walter.
Also, there do not seem to be quite so many negative comments, and such comments do not seem quite as severe as those found in the Itinerarium. Interestingly, within the Crusade Ambroise relates an episode similar to the stick of God analogy in the Itinerarium. This is perhaps the only explanation that Christians can come up with for why God would allow the Christians to be removed from Jerusalem.
After all, according to the Christian view, God wants Christians to hold the city. Saladin's role as punisher may partially explain his dichotomous portrayal within these two Christian primary sources. On the one hand, there is a figure that represents and is responsible for displacing the Christians from Jerusalem, but on the other there is a figure with many positive characteristics.
Although many of these characteristics come through in the works, Saladin is still the enemy and still a powerful figure who believes in an opposing faith. Following the conclusion of the truce with Richard, Saladin becomes less of a threat and less of an enemy, and he is viewed a great deal more positively.
Of course, some of the negativity surrounding Saladin might also be attributed to biases on the parts of the Christian authors, especially since it can be argued that Richard is in effect the hero of their works.
If the Itinerarium and Ambroise's Crusade seem somewhat confused in their portrayal of Saladin, they are very clear and almost completely positive in their descriptions of Richard, noting many positive characteristics. According to the Itinerarium, Richard is generous and "delighted all his subjects with his actions and his incomparable superiority. He has "the valour of Hector, the heroism of Achillies, he was not inferior to Alexander, nor less valiant than Roland[, and] After all, his "magnificent deeds overshadowed all others, no matter how glorious.
Considering the previous descriptions of Richard in the Itinerarium and the Crusade, it might seem that Richard was considered to be perfect within both of these Christian sources. Although this is very nearly the case, they both are at least somewhat critical of Richard's rashness. In the Itinerarium, there is a description of a time in which Saladin's men almost capture Richard in an ambush because he is traveling nearly unaccompanied.
Directly following this episode, some of Richard's household "scolded him over his frequent recklessness and cautioned him against such behavior.
Reel history: Richard and Saladin compare swords in The Crusades | Film | The Guardian
Muslim sources seem to agree with this generally positive assessment of Richard. In fact, many Muslim authors shower "warm praise Although there might be some hints of equality in the Christian sources such as when Hubert Walter comments in the Itinerarium that anyone that possessed a combination of Richard and Saladin's qualities would also possess unparalleled magnificencethere does not seem to be anything to suggest that Saladin might in some way actually be better than Richard.
For example, he writes that Richard was "courageous, energetic, and daring in combat Muslim sources describe the positive characteristics of Richard in much the same way that Christian sources do, but how do they describe Saladin?
Much of what they have to say is positive. Saladin's faith seems to be of prime importance, since the section dealing with this topic is the first to appear in the biography. A ruler of "firm faith", Saladin "venerated deeply the laws of the Faith. He was a very just ruler, "just, benign, merciful, [and] quick to help the weak against the strong. Although there is this respect and praise for Saladin, there is also criticism.
Ibn al-Athir writes that Saladin "never evinced real firmness in his decisions" and that when he laid siege to a city, "if the defenders resisted for some time, he would give up and abandon the siege But the criticism does not end here.
crusades - Why did Saladin show kindness to Richard I? - History Stack Exchange
Ibn al-Athir also criticizes the way in which after he had seized the strongholds at Acre, Ascalon, and Jerusalem, Saladin had "allowed the enemy soldiers and knights to seek refuge in Tyre", making the city "virtually impregnable. It was also slightly cooler with a coastal breeze.
Regardless of this, the Christians suffered badly from the heat and lack of fresh water. At night when the Crusaders tried to rest, they were plagued by tarantulas. Their bites were poisonous and very painful. Both sides fought at the Battle of Arsur in September Richard won but he delayed his attack on Jerusalem as he knew that his army needed to rest. Also Richard knew that even if he continued on and captured Jerusalem, he would not have enough soldiers to hold on to it.
He spent the winter of to in Jaffa where his army regained its strength. Richard marched towards Jerusalem in June Draw several small images or cartoons to represent the problems that the crusaders faced on their march south along the coast.
Give two reasons for why Richard hesitated to attack Jerusalem. However, by now even Richard the Lionheart was suffering. He had a fever and appealed to his enemy Saladin to send him fresh water and fresh fruit. Saladin did just this - sending frozen snow to the Crusaders to be used as water and fresh fruit. Also in a later battle, when Saladin saw that Richards horse had been killed, Saladin sent him a new horse!
Why would Saladin do this? There are several reasons. First, Saladin was a strict Muslim. One of the main beliefs of Islam is that Muslims should help those in need. Secondly, Saladin admired Richards, fighting skills, courage and bravery. The Muslim writer Baha described Richard as " Which do you think is the most likely reason for why Saladin, helped his enemy King Richard I, when Richard was in desperate need of help? What Saladin's men found, was that Richard only had 2, fit soldiers and 50 fit knights to use in battle.
With such a small force, Richard could not hope to take Jerusalem even though he got near enough to see the Holy City. Go to this interactive site and work you way through the battles of the Third Crusade: If you can not answer the following question from your own research, go on to question 6.