What is the story of Abraham and Lot?
Lot went with Uncle Abraham 1 to Egypt and saw his Uncle give Sarah his Aunt they had intimate relations with him to survive for themselves and the world. The apparent conflict comes when Abram appeals to Lot on the basis of their close relationship. He refers to Lot as a brother, but his appeal is. However, despite their long-standing relationship, they would end up parting ways. Genesis describes Abraham and Lot leaving Egypt very wealthy men.
Another midrash suggests she sought salt from a neighbor while preparing the feast and told of their guests; thus her punishment.
Given the apocalypse and the aftermath and the effect on her children one could content whether her punishment was not an act of mercy. Abraham was apparently unaware that Lot survived the apocalypse. Lot and his two virgin daughters fearful in the city of Zoar leave and seek refuge in a cave. The girls believe that they and their father were the sole survivors left on earth. They apparently were not aware of the conversations with the divine messengers.
The eldest daughter suggests that make their father drunk since he might not agree. On the first night the first daughter has relations with their father and them on the second night the second daughter; both are impregnated.
The two girls became pregnant and each delivered a son; they named them appropriately Moab meaning from father and Ben Ammi son of father - Ammonites. The Moabites and Ammonites were forbidden to enter into the Israeli people for ten generations because they refused hospitality in the desert Duet. Augustine suggests it is not clear whether Lot sinned or was sinned against. One Rabbi suggested that even if Lot with his elder daughter was unaware as a result of being drunk he should have realized when he awakened and been more cautious the second night BT Horayoth 10b.
Jewish midrashim believe Lot had no sons and thus his own mortality was also at stake. No one that I am aware of has supplied a rational for this missing prohibition. Yet Abraham claimed to married his half sister Sarah What can be said concerning Lot? How sympathetic shall we see his actions? The conflict with Abraham about land and their separation is more than among herdsmen and land but value systems.
Later Lot chose to live in Sodom after Abraham freed him from his captures; but then we all knew of the evil of its people. His offering his daughters to protect himself and his guests may be understandable although clearly not heroic.
As the dawn was breaking the messengers urged Lot, his wife and two daughters to rush out and finally they had to seize their hands and take him out. This positive evaluation is confirmed in the Pirke de Rabbi Eliezer. Lots two daughters give birth to two future other enemies of the Hebrews Moab and Ammon. These appear as an etiological description to bastardize their existence as enemies of Israel.
After his daughters become pregnant does Lot ever understand and object to what they had done? Now Lot, who went with Abram, also had flocks and herds and tents and the land could not sustain them while dwelling together; for their possessions were so great that they were not able to remain together. Now the Canaanite and the Perizzite were dwelling then in the land Genesis The first problem was the success of both men as keepers of flocks.
Now their flocks and herds had become so large that they could no longer dwell together This was especially true for nomadic tribesmen who must travel about looking continually for pasture for their sheep and cattle. The second problem was the strife which seemed to be steadily growing between the herdsmen of Abram and Lot This competition inevitably led to conflict between the herdsmen of Lot and Abram.
It would probably not be far from the facts to suggest that some irritation already had become evident between Abram and Lot themselves. This also would be true to life. Whenever there is contention between followers, there most often will be strife between the leaders also.
If the first problem is the success of both Abram and Lot, and the second is the resulting strife, the third is the fact that the land where they sojourned was shared with others; namely the Canaanites and the Perrizites It is all too easy to forget that none of the land of Canaan as yet belonged to either Abram or Lot. When Abram and Lot separate in this chapter, they part paths; they do not divide real estate. They are both living in a land which is occupied by the Canaanites and Perrizites.
This seemingly incidental remark from the pen of Moses not only reminds us that Abram was a sojourner, dwelling in a land that would some day belong to his seed, but it may also suggest that the strife which existed between he and Lot was a poor testimony to those who looked on with interest. Further, Abram and Lot not only had to share pasture between themselves, but were at the mercy of those who had prior claim to the land. I smile as I read these verses, for God works in strange and sometimes humorous ways to accomplish His will.
Long before, God had told Abram to leave his country and his relatives. At that time, leaving Lot was mainly a matter of principle.
Lot (biblical person)
Abram was to do it because God had said to. Now, years later, Abram reluctantly acknowledged that a separation must take place, not as a matter of principle, but out of practical expediency.
It could have been done by Abram in Ur, but it was not. God providentially brought an irritation and competition between Abram and Lot which forced a separation to occur. If we do not see the need for obedience, God will create one.
You can count on it. A Request Is Made I would imagine that Abram had frequently discussed it with Sarai, his wife. Sarai may well have posed a very different solution than the one Abram formulated. But any student of human nature would have to find it at least a realistic possibility. His motivation seems to be ethically, and not economically, based. Is not the whole land before you? More than anything, Abram wanted to maintain peace and heal the strife which had come between himself and Lot.
The overriding principle is that of the unity of brotherhood that must be preserved. Strangely, though very practically, this unity is to be preserved by separation. Someone must leave, either Abram or Lot. Seemingly, it was obvious that they must separate. The only question was who would leave, and where would he go? Abram left that decision to Lot. Whichever way Lot chose, Abram would act correspondingly. The offer gave Lot the advantage, and left Abram vulnerable.
A Resolution and Its Results With the eye of an appraiser, he looked over the land, weighing the advantages and disadvantages of the options: And Lot lifted up his eyes and saw all the valley of the Jordan, that it was well watered everywhere—this was before the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah—like the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt as you go to Zoar. So Lot chose for himself all the valley of the Jordan; and Lot journeyed eastward. Thus they separated from each other Genesis As the father of five children, I can appreciate what went into the look of Lot as he surveyed the land about them.
Any of my children could work for the Bureau of Standards. With a mere glance, each can easily gauge the quantity of root beer in any glass. Without any apparent effort they reach out for a glass and the first to grab always ends up with the largest, no matter how small the difference.
That same kind of look was evident in the eyes of Lot. He fixed his gaze on the beautiful Jordan valley. Its beautiful green evidenced the presence of the plentiful waters of the Jordan for irrigation. The parched hills and dusty ground beyond were of little interest. There was scarcely any water there. Literally, this Jordan valley was a paradise. It, too, seems to have been provided for by irrigation, rather than rain Genesis 2: Not only was the region rich in agriculture, but also in metals and bitumen, or "slime pits".
Bitumen becomes petroleum, which becomes oil. Perhaps this is one of the reasons which made the area attractive in the first place to the invading Kings from the North.
Black Gold was found in abundance in the region. This alone was enough to draw the attention of rivals. The result of the rebellion was disastrous for the cities of the plain. They were overwhelmed by the King of Chedorlaomer and his alliance. Scripture tells how the Kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled and fell into the plain's slime pits. Those that did not fall into the pits, fled to the mountains. This included Lot, all that he had and all those that lived with him. Some local residents, however, managed to escape into the surrounding forest and wilderness.
Some fled to nearby cities, warning of the invasion. Some fled to caves in the Dead Sea area, where for centuries people have fled to and sought refuge in. These people eventually settled in new locations throughout Canaan. One such survivor, according to scripture, found his way to Abram in Mamre. This, of course, raises many interesting questions as to the exact ethnicity of the Hebrew, or Israelite, people. The word's origin is unknown, and many scholars have associated it with the name Ebera distant descendant of Abram and the great-grandson of Shem.
Others suggest it is associated with the Habiru. The Habiru are an extremely interesting group of people who seem to have had no national identity, no central government of any kind, yet represent a heterogeneous social element that was to be dealt with by local authorities, and even empires such as Egypt and Sumeria.
- Abraham and Lot: Relationships First
- Abraham and Lot's conflict
Abraham and Lot, and their families, were labeled by the existing authorities of the day as part of the Habiru class of people. Thus, Abram was identified as "Abraham, the Habiru", living in Canaan. He and his nephew Lot had been through much together. Now, however, things had escalated as a marauding army had taken Abraham's nephew captive. Abraham was forced to rescue his nephew from imminent death or slavery.
Tablets found at sites such as Ebla and from the ancient Hurrians at Mari contain biblical names such as Abram, Leah, Isaac, Jacob, etc.
The tablets shed light on the Habiru and the daily life of individuals within this era of the Bible. These documents contain administrative and legal manuscripts that speak of similar events found throughout the biblical narrative.
Whatever one's belief about the word, it was clearly used to distinguish Abraham and Lot from the other inhabitants of Canaan. As Abraham and Lot had prospered over the years financially, Abram had formed bonds with local leaders as seen in his pact with Mamre and his two brothers. Scripture later indicates that men from Mamre, Aner, and Eshcol accompanied Abram in his rescue mission from Lot.
Abraham and Lot were family.
Despite their earlier differences, Lot was like a son to Abraham. Thus, Abraham immediately musters every fighting man in his household. Scripture tells he mustered fighting men, all of them trained in his own household.
How are Abram and Lot related? - Apparent Bible Contradiction | Thy Word is True
Notice the detailed number of men. This detail adds authenticity to the account, as if an eye-witness counted precisely men and felt it necessary to record the exact number of men involved.
A map of Abraham's route on his rescue mission for Lot.
Abraham and his men were successful in their rescue mission. Abram had become a well respected tribal chieftain, or king. Though scripture does indicate such, it would not be unusual for local men sympathetic to Abram to accompany him on his rescue mission. Thus, it is possible that some of the local Amorites joined with Abraham. Dan was approximately miles north of Mamre. It would seem logical that a force of such size would be easy to track through a country as burnt villages and fields surely dotted the landscape.
Abram and his party would have encountered the dead bodies strewn unceremoniously in ditches on the side of the road. Abram had no choice but to trust God, as his force would have been severely outnumbered. Abraham shows his military prowess in this episode.
He marched his men all night, catching up with the unsuspecting invaders near Dan. At Dan, north of the Sea of Galilee, Abram divided his forces and by night attacked the enemy. The enemy was completely taken by surprise. Scripture tells of Abram's army destroying the Northeastern Alliance, and pursuing them as far north as "Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus".
Damascus is approximately 50 miles north of Dan, thus, Abram had journeyed a total of approximately miles in pursuit of Lot. After defeating the armies of the four kings, Abram departed for Mamre with all of the stolen goods, including Lot and all of Lot's possessions. Abraham and Lot were reunited. Abraham's men had trounced an alliance of 4 kings from Mesopotamia.
These 4 kings had trounced a number of foes east of the Jordan, and then conquered Sodom and Gomorrah.