The Relationship Between Beliefs, Values, Attitudes and Behaviours | Owlcation
Download Citation on ResearchGate | The relationship between the affective, behavioral, and cognitive components of attitude | It has long been assumed that . 3 components of attitude are Cognitive Component, Affective Component, and their complexity and the potential relationship between attitudes and behavior. Nov 14, In addition, the affective components of intergroup attitudes are . which reflects the relationship between attitudes and behaviors, was.
In addition, because group attitudes e. Specifically, the present research investigated the potential moderating role of affective-cognitive consistency, which has been implicated for nonsocial attitudes [ 30 ], in intergroup attitudes.
Attitudes and Behavior
In Study 1 we tested in an intergroup context whether consummatory behaviors are generally better predicted by affectively-based attitudes [ 4232435 ] or only when affective-cognitive consistency is low [ 30 ]. In Study 2, we examined whether instrumental behaviors driven by cognitively-based attitudes occur in the condition of low affective-cognitive consistency [ 30 ] or in the condition of high affective-cognitive consistency [ 31 ].
Study 1 The primary goal of Study 1 was to explore the moderating role of affective-cognitive consistency in the effects of affectively-based and cognitively-based attitudes on consummatory behaviors. In this study, participant groups discussed what they felt and thought about government officials, along with other filler groups i.
They then responded to items representing their affective, cognitive, and overall evaluations to these groups. Measures of attitude base and affective-cognitive consistency were computed and related to expressions of support toward these groups. Although, to our knowledge attitude base and affective-cognitive consistency have not been studied together in the intergroup context, previous research on intergroup relations revealed that the affective prejudice was more closely related to intergroup orientations than cognitive components [ 423243546 ].
3 Components of Attitudes (Explained)
Thus, we hypothesized that affectively-based attitudes toward outgroup would relate more strongly to intergroup consummatory behaviors than cognitively-based attitudes, possibly regardless of affective-cognitive consistency.
Moreover, the present study also explored the reasons why affective-cognitive consistency might not influence the effect of attitude base on attitude-behavior consistency for consummatory behaviors. In previous research, Lavine, Thomsen, Zanna, and Borgida suggested that affective and cognitive influences can differentially affect both attitudes and behaviors [ 47 ]. Therefore, to more fully understand how affect and cognition shape attitude-behavior consistency, we also evaluated their relationships to attitudes and behaviors separately.
Method Ethics Statement All participants gave a written informed consent before this experiment, and their responses in the current study are all anonymous. They each received 20 yuan in exchange for their participation. Participants were randomly assigned to one of 40 groups, each of which consisted of four members [ 48 ].
Procedure Upon arrival, participant groups were given a short oral introduction by a female experimenter. Participant groups were given 20 minutes for discussion and were asked to make a list of the feelings that they experienced when they saw, met or thought about government officials, teachers, and doctors.
They were also asked to record the typical characteristics exhibited or practiced by the members of these outgroups. The three outgroups were presented in a counterbalanced order using the Latin square design. At the end of the procedure, each participant completed a paper-and-pencil questionnaire that examined his or her judgments about the experimental purpose of this study. None of the participants correctly identified the true purpose of the study. Measures To prevent participants from determining the focus of the present research, teachers and doctors were used as the filler groups.
These two filler groups were chosen because teachers, doctors, and government officials typically receive favorable treatment and have comparatively high social status in China. The affective components of group attitudes toward the target group and two filler groups were assessed using three items based on an affective scale taken from Crites et al. Answers were given on a four-point scale without a middle point. The cognitive components of group attitudes were assessed using three items based on Group Perceptions Survey see For government officials, the intraclass correlation coefficient ICC 2 was 0.
Similar to the minimal group paradigm [ 485152 ], data on supportive behaviors were obtained by asking the participant groups to allocate hypothetical resources to government officials. More allocated resources indicated greater supportive behaviors toward government officials. Cognitive Component The cognitive component of attitudes refers to the beliefs, thoughts, and attributes that we would associate with an object.
It is the opinion or belief segment of an attitude. It refers that part of attitude which is related in general knowledge of a person. Affective Component Affective component is the emotional or feeling segment of an attitude. It is related to the statement which affects another person.
- 3 Components of Attitudes
- The Relationship Between Beliefs, Values, Attitudes and Behaviours
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It deals with feelings or emotions that are brought to the surface about something, such as fear or hate. Using the above example, someone might have the attitude that they love all babies because they are cute or that they hate smoking because it is harmful to health. The stronger the attitude the more likely it should affect behavior.
If an attitude has a high self-interest for a person i. As a consequence, the attitude will have a very strong influence upon a person's behavior. By contrast, an attitude will not be important to a person if it does not relate in any way to their life.
The knowledge aspect of attitude strength covers how much a person knows about the attitude object. People are generally more knowledgeable about topics that interest them and are likely to hold strong attitudes positive or negative as a consequence. Attitudes based on direct experience are more strongly held and influence behavior more than attitudes formed indirectly for example, through hear-say, reading or watching television. The Function of Attitudes Attitudes can serve functions for the individual.
Daniel Katz outlines four functional areas: Knowledge Attitudes provide meaning knowledge for life. The knowledge function refers to our need for a world which is consistent and relatively stable.
This allows us to predict what is likely to happen, and so gives us a sense of control. Attitudes can help us organize and structure our experience.