US, Greece look at increasing military presence amid tension with Turkey
The Mediterranean basin is an area of major importance to Libyan military and In mid, Libya and Turkey concluded several cooperative agreements and Libyan relations with Cyprus and Greece have been largely harmonious. The Greek Foreign Minister has strengthened the thread holding GreekLibyan relations together today through. The following day, the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs declared that the vessel was loyal to the internationally recognized government bombed a Greek oil tanker. Relations between Turkey and Libya progressively deteriorated as Turkey .
Libya Table of Contents The Mediterranean basin is an area of major importance to Libyan military and political policy.
Soon after the revolution, Libya called for the conversion of the Mediterranean Sea into a neutral "sea of peace" through the removal from the area of all foreign naval fleets and military installations, particularly North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO bases.
Libya repeated the call at the Algiers conference of the Nonaligned Movement, and other countries, including neighboring Tunisia and Algeria, have supported the idea. The keystone to Libya's Mediterranean neutralization policy is Malta. During the Anglo-Maltese negotiations in covering British bases on the island, Libya offered economic assistance to Malta if it would exact a pledge that the bases would not be used again to fly supply missions to Israel as they had been used during the Suez Canal crisis and the June War.
Libya encouraged immigration by Maltese workers, and Malta provided technical training for Libyans. Libyan-Maltese relations, on the whole, have been cordial.
In the s, Libya generally perceived Malta's foreign policy as positive and friendly. Nevertheless, the issue of maritime boundaries between the two countries remained an irritant. As a result of this decision, Malta lost eighteen nautical miles to its southern neighbor.
Could Greece become the Libya of Europe? | Politics | Al Jazeera
In both cases, religiosity, powerful regionalisms and loyalty to often manufactured traditions created patterns that continue to obstruct participation in Western-style modernity. Sliding doors Back inas Greece tipped into economic crisis after an era of debt-enabled high-living, a force of ragtag rebel groups backed by NATO air-power earned Libya its freedom from a dictatorial regime.
Once the regime in Libya was banished, international expectations soared that this huge, resource-rich country with a population of just six million and untapped markets would become an economically liberalised, Western-style constitutional democracy. Greece and the passing of the nation state But what emerged over the next four years echoed ancient and modern Greece: Instead of gaining stability through building institutions, the militias became a law unto themselves, plunging the country into chaos.
The looting of Libya's extensive arms stores prompted a rebellion in Mali, operations against the Egyptian military in the Sinai, arms transfers to Syria, and terrorist operations in Algeria and Tunisia. Sensing an opportunity, ISIL established a toehold in the country. The Greek irregulars were the itinerant "kleftes" brigandswhose ample facial hair, billowing dress, musket-brandishing cave-dwelling is not entirely unlike the 21st century jihadi medievalists of Benghazi, Sirte and Derna.
As part of the construction of the Greek national identity, they were taught at school to revere them as their nation's founding fathers.
Foreign relations of Greece
The wave of chaos and the refugee inflows sweeping across an ever more interconnected region threaten to overwhelm Greece. Now, that same religiously infused liberationist rhetoric they condemned the Ottomans as the infidel imperial colonials of their age is finding a contemporary echo in today's Islamist screeds.
Before Greece's Western allies imposed a Bavarian-born king on the turbulent new country, there was a period when - like Libya - it was roiled by chaos, porous borders, brigand demands for political representation consistent with their perceived revolutionary sacrifices, and two rival governments based in different parts of the country.
Anyone with a passing acquaintance with post-revolutionary Libya will be experiencing a feeling of deja-vu about now. Following Greek independence, the brigand class intermarried with the wealthy Hellenic diaspora arriving to the new nation-state to form an urban business and political class that shaped today's clannish political scene. Politicians still appoint childhood friends to top civil service positions and favour their regions through the budgets they control.
The tribalism is replicated down the chain by ordinary Greeks who, rather than insisting that their own politicians be prosecuted for knowingly cultivating unsustainable debt, prefer to lash out at European politicians who argue that one country's democratic choice cannot abrogate the consensus of 18 other democracies.
Malaise of identity politics The two world wars resulted in a never-again moment whereby the EU instrumentalised prosperity to mute identity politics. Now, with economic growth flagging, cultural tensions are back with a vengeance, whether in the form of a Europe-wide surge towards nationalist parties, the conflict in Ukraine, or simmering Balkan tensions.
Greece's referendum brought to the fore ruptures not witnessed since the restitution of democracy in