It’s time India got real about its ties with Russia | analysis | Hindustan Times
In a rapidly-changing world where new powers and fresh alliances are emerging, Russia-China relations will form a key component in determining the evolution. The India-Russia bilateral relationship has a long history and a broad After the Ukraine crisis in , the Russia-China relationship has. A closer look at the trajectory of an important relationship. Organization (SCO), Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa (BRICS), and G
Russian policymakers, however, have expressed reserve about increased Chinese influence in the energy sector. Growing Chinese investment is speculated to be about more than energy security for China. Chinese news agency Xinhua reported in that many Chinese enterprises believe the Russian market will allow them to become truly global. In an interview with China Central TV on the day of Hu's arrival in Russia, Medvedev cited the high-level exchanges and other bilateral achievements in what both governments refer to as their "strategic partnership" as evidence of what he called "the highest level of ties in the history of Russian-Chinese relations.
The Russian government explicitly affirmed that Tibet along with Taiwan are "inalienable parts of the Chinese territory", while the Chinese supported "Russia's efforts in maintaining peace and stability in the region of Caucasus. Construction of the Western Siberian Altai pipelinewhich could deliver over 30 billion cubic meters of natural gas annually to China, was supposed to begin in A senior Gazprom official observed, "As soon as there is a price, we will start the construction, but this is a complicated issue.
Sino-Russian relations since - Wikipedia
Stretching from Russia's Skovorodino station to China's Mohe station, it was the first pipeline ever built between China and Russia. From the Kazakh riots  to endless environmental concerns,    but most recently the capsizing of an oil platform that was allowed to operate in the north late in the season and was being towed under adverse maritime conditions. The Sakhalin-I project, operated by Exxon Neftegas Limited ENLhas estimated potential recoverable reserves are estimated at million tons of oil 2.
The project had been placed permanently on hold by environmental regulators, but moved forward after the sale. Industry sources speculated that "some in Russia hope to sell China gas from Sakhalin-2's or other facilities' future LNG holdings now that it has mastered the technology". Under the deal, Sakhalin-1 could sell up to 10 billion cubic meters of gas to China over 20 years by pipeline.
The plan met strong opposition from Gazprom, which has a rival pipeline project and controls all Russian gas exports apart from sales through PSAs such as Sakhalin Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the territories have been going through a deep crisis. The former model of their development is inapplicable; a new model is yet to be devised and implemented. Meanwhile, the vast region has been going through depopulation, deindustrialization, and general degradation.
The quality of Moscow's statesmanship will be tested by whether it can rise up to the challenge in the East. He specifically pointed to the perceived threat of foreign immigration in the Far East.
While the Russian and Chinese economies were roughly the same size inChina's grew to over 3. Even sincewhen Russia began a rapid economic recovery, China has grown at a faster rate; the gap has only widened since the global economic crisis and falling energy prices of the late s.
China's growth has led to the creation of new productive capacity, whereas Russia's recovery has been based largely on reutilizing Soviet-era capacity that had idled in the early s.
Russian officials have repeatedly reiterated their opposition to being merely China's natural resources storehouse. For all the early promise under Putin, Moscow's policy towards the RFE has not seemed effective as of Ina consortium of Chinese engineering firms led by Harbin Turbine signed an agreement with Russian power producer OGK to produce coal-fired turbines in the RFE, adding 41, megawatts of new generating capacity by Stanislav Nevynitsyn, Executive Director of OGK, admitted, "It is simply a necessity for us to work with the Chinese — we will not get the capacity built otherwise.
The program would ultimately provide affirmation of an all-Russia gas system from the Baltic Sea up to the Pacific Ocean. The field will become one of the natural gas sources for the Sakhalin—Khabarovsk—Vladivostok gas transmission system GTS.
When Putin’s Russia arms India, China and the US keep one eye open
The first GTS start-up complex will be 1, km, with a capacity of 6 billion cubic meters bcm per year. However, he insisted that the club would not amount to a sort of mini-OPEC. Delivery to India will start after two years.
Consequently, India and China will be able to hit each other with the same Russian missile. The international context of the S deal Unlike India, Russia and China share an interest in challenging the world primacy of the US.
India and Russia made the deal at a time when Moscow and Beijing view their strategic partnership as being at its highest point in history. Some sense of rivalry is undoubtedly present in the Russia-China tie. Yet, the factors that bring Russia and China together are currently stronger than the competition between them. First, Russia and China share an uncontested border. In awarding the order, President Xi Jinping emphasised Putin had visited China more than any other leader of a world power — 19 times.
Construction of a new gas pipeline to China is to be completed by the end of this year, and from DecemberGazprom will supply CNPC China National Petroleum Corporation with 38 billion cubic metres of natural gas annually for 30 years.
The two governments have launched a joint investment fund, which recently established a 1. On the diplomatic front, Moscow and Beijing now coordinate their position on major international issues and work in tandem at the United Nations Security Council. Defence cooperation is also on the rise. In the words of Russian defence minister Sergei Shoigu, Vostok resembles Zapad 81, a comprehensive drill the Soviet Union held with its Warsaw Pact allies inbut is greater in scale.
Vostok is the Russian word for east, zapad is west. Moscow and Beijing appear to be well on the way to a defence alliance. The intensifying defence ties rile the US. The idea was most explicitly articulated by the then-prime minister, veteran diplomat and scholar Yevgeny Primakov, who called for a triangular relationship. As an advocate of a multipolar world order, he saw the triangle as a way to offset the global influence of America in particular and the West in general. The first meeting was held in ; the 15th, last year.
Very cautiously, Moscow is trying to act as a buffer for tensions between Beijing and New Delhi. Though RIC meetings do not deliver sensational outcomes, they create an atmosphere for productive Sino-Indian dialogue and for seeking common approaches to international issues. Russia is now encouraging Beijing and New Delhi to raise their voices against trade protectionism and to speak out against what foreign minister Sergey Lavrov calls the erosion of global order and rising role of force.
China and India to Iran and Korea, why Russia is the Asian player to watch
Within the RIC framework, the three countries have set up a new scheme of regular working-level consultations on Asia-Pacific issues and have launched regular trilateral meetings of young diplomats.
This was the first time the two South Asian arch-rivals had joined a common military exercise. New mega deals are in the making, including the delivery of S India is also increasing its arms imports from the US and is keen to have closer relations with Washington, which has been pressuring New Delhi against arms deals with Moscow.
Though good relations with India are vital, Moscow has hedged its bets with Pakistan. It maintains that relations with Islamabad should not impinge on ties with New Delhi. As the first step, Moscow has delivered M helicopters. Other possibilities are also under discussion, including the supply of SU fighter planes, though it would be unrealistic to expect quick and dramatic breakthroughs.
Russia is also to train Pakistani military personnel. Economic ties are on the rise, too. Russia will build a gas pipeline linking Karachi and Lahore and may take part in a scheme to lease the state-owned Pakistan Steel Mill near Karachi built by the Soviet Union in the s. Pakistan has shown interest in the conclusion of the free-trade agreement with the Eurasian Economic Union. Putin and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe have held a record number of bilateral summits — their 21st was in May this year.
The range of their economic cooperation plan is expanding and already numbers about projects in various fields. One of the latest is the assembly of engines for Japanese cars in the Russian Far East. At the very beginning of his tenure, Putin proposed to return to the Japan-Soviet Union Joint Declaration ofin which the two sides agreed Moscow would transfer two of the islands upon signing the peace treaty — only for Tokyo to refuse. Japan is in no position to accept the offer, but Russia has effectively raised the pitch for heightened friendship between the countries, making it difficult for Tokyo to cite the island issue for not playing along.
Moscow has been pushing for such cooperation from the early s, with tensions between the Koreas hindering any progress. The signing of the Panmunjom Declaration by the North and South Korean leaders in April, followed by the Singapore summit between Trump and Kim Jong-un this June, have, for the time being, drastically changed the political climate on the peninsula, setting the stage for a North-South rapprochement and making it easier to pursue three-way economic cooperation.