Britain and india relationship timeline

Timeline of British India

britain and india relationship timeline

, The East India Company (EIC) is formed, , The company acquires its first territory in Bombay. , Anglo-French War In India. Britain needs to exploit its links with India to become its preferred partner in UK -India relations: 'Colonial mindset' harming British trade with India . A greater focus on Indian history and culture in the school curriculum and. Timeline Description: The British presence in India began in the early seventeenth century, when the British East India Company began trading on the outskirts.

Inthe area, which included modern India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, became "the Indian Empire" often known historically as the "British Raj" with British Monarch Queen Victoria proclaimed as " Empress of India " a title held by her successors until Partition of India created new entities out of the erstwhile British Raj: Dominion of India — [ edit ] Further information: King George VIwho as British Monarch had been " Emperor of India ", abandoned this title inand served as India's ceremonial head of state as 'King of India' in much the same way, he also served as 'King of Pakistan'.

In India became a Republic and the link with the British crown was severed.

britain and india relationship timeline

Republic of India since [ edit ] Further information: Both Britain and India have since pursued quite divergent diplomatic paths. In particular, India became a major force within the Non-Aligned Movementwhich initially sought to avoid taking sides during the Cold War.

Political and diplomatic relations between the two countries have generally been cordial but lacking in depth. Former Indian Prime-Minister I. Gujral made a scathing assessment of Britain's relationship with India saying that the UK was a third rate power not worth cultivating.

The links between the UK and India - BBC News

The growth of India 's multinational companies contributed greatly to UK's business and economy. As ofIndian companies in the UK generated over 19 billion pounds.

britain and india relationship timeline

Tata group alone employed over 55, people in the UK. Discussion on a possible free-trade agreement is also in the agenda. However, Jaitley stated that a formal dialogue on the agreement would only begin post-Brexit. Whilst many large UK companies have a presence in India, small and medium-sized British companies do not.

India profile - Timeline - BBC News

India hopes that the Access to India programme will not only encourage British SMES to export to India but also inspire them to manufacture in India fulfilling the aims of the Make in India initiative.

From tothe number of Indian students studying in the UK doubled from 10, to over 20, In this summit, Cameron stated that "Education is an area where India and the UK could pool some of the advantages for mutual benefit. Inthe then Home Secretary Theresa May announced a stricter immigration law. The company's influence grew steadily until it seized political control of parts of India, and British leaders continued to spread British control throughout the subcontinent.

Though control transferred to the British crown in the nineteenth century, Indians launched a powerful nationalist movement that led to their independence from Britain in Hoping to make money trading with India, the British East India Company wins trading rights on the fringe of the Mughal empire in As a result, the East India Company takes political control over a large swath of India, despite its background as a trading company. Warren Hastings becomes the first Governor-General of India ina position he holds until Hastings works quickly to consolidate the East India Company's control in India, removing power from the Nawab of Bengal and crippling the Mughal Empire.

Hastings wages war and forms alliances to increase Britain's control. While he hopes to introduce Britain to Indian history and culture, his successors launch decades of "reforms" meant to westernize the subcontinent.

britain and india relationship timeline

The scholar Ram Mohun Roy, educated in both Western and Eastern classics, believes that India can learn from the West, but that there is room for a revitalization of Indian culture. In he sets up educational societies that help revive pride in Indian culture, and his influence on later leaders places him as the founder of Indian nationalism. May 10, The Sepoy Rebellion breaks out in India.

  • India profile - Timeline
  • From Empire to Independence: The British Raj in India 1858-1947
  • The links between the UK and India

The East India Company requires sepoys, or Indian soldiers serving the company, to bite off cartridges greased with animal fat to load their rifles. The animal fat is from cows, which are sacred to Hindus, or from pigs, which are forbidden to Muslims, and angry sepoys rise up in rebellion against their British officers.

britain and india relationship timeline

After brutal massacres on both sides, the British quell the rebellion, but an atmosphere of hatred and distrust remains. August 2, Parliament puts India directly under control of the British crown. India is now governed by colonial rule, with British officials ruling in the name of the queen and holding top positions. Britain slows the reforms that so angered Hindus and Muslims, but continues to develop India for its own economic benefit.

November 17, The Suez Canal opens and greatly improves British trade. The system favors the British, who flood India with inexpensive, machine-made textiles. This destroys India's once-prosperous hand-weaving industry.

India–United Kingdom relations

December 28, The Indian National Congress is organized. Nationalist leaders organize the Indian National Congress incalling for greater democracy to empower professional Indians like themselves.

Known as the Congress party, the group hopes to use peaceful protest to achieve its goals. Members support modernization on a western model, but their ultimate dream is to achieve Indian self-rule. December 30, The Muslim League is organized.