Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony In , Stanton started working with Susan B. Anthony, a well-known abolitionist. The two women made a great. Statement of Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton (), partially quoted in The their peers — that robs them, in marriage of the custody of their own persons. “It is fifty-one years since we first met, and we have been busy through every one of them, stirring up the world to recognize the rights of women,” Susan B.
He was admitted to the bar there by late While based in Pittsburgh, Stanton argued several high-profile suits. One such proceeding was State of Pennsylvania v. The case concerned the Wheeling Suspension Bridgethe largest suspension bridge in the world at that time, and an important connector for the National Road.
The bridge's center rose some ninety feet twenty-seven meters but proved to be a nuisance to passing ships with tall smokestacks. With ships unable to clear the bridge, enormous amounts of traffic, trade and commerce would be redirected to Wheeling, West Virginiawhich at the time was Wheeling Virginia. On August 16, he urged the Supreme Court to injunct Wheeling and Belmont, as the bridge was obstructing traffic into Pennsylvania, and hindering trade and commerce.
Grier directed those who were aggrieved by the bridge's operations to go to a lower court, but left an avenue open for Stanton to file the injunction in the Supreme Court, which he did. Wheeling and Belmont began on February 25,which was also when Stanton was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court.
Walworththe former Chancellor of New Yorkwho returned a vivid opinion in February stating that the Wheeling Bridge was "an unwarranted and unlawful obstruction to navigation, and that it must be either removed or raised so as to permit the free and usual passage of boats. Wheeling and Belmont were unsatisfied with the ruling and asked Congress to act.
Stanton was disgruntled that the purpose of the court—to peacefully decide and remedy disputes between states—had been diminished by Congress. Manny and second marriage[ edit ] An engraving of Cyrus H.
Susan B. Anthony
McCormick A by-effect of Stanton's performance in Pennsylvania v. Wheeling and Belmont was that he was sought after for other prominent cases, such as the case of inventor Cyrus McCormick. Ina young McCormick created a machine to harvest crops. The device was particularly useful in the burgeoning wheat fields of the Western United States. Demand for McCormick's invention grew rapidly, attracting fierce competition, especially from fellow inventor and businessman John Henry Manny.
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Dickinson, filed suit against Manny claiming he had infringed on McCormick's patents. McCormick demanded an injunction on Manny's reaper. Manny was also defended by two esteemed lawyers, George Harding and Peter H. Manny was initially to be tried in Chicagoand the two lawyers wanted another attorney local to the city to join their team; the recommended choice was Abraham Lincoln.
When Watson met Lincoln in Springfield, Illinoishe had a dim first impression of him, but after speaking with Lincoln, Watson saw that he might be a good choice. However, when the venue of the proceedings was transferred to Cincinnati rather than Chicago, and the necessity for Lincoln was negated, Harding and Watson went for their first choice, Edwin Stanton.
Lincoln was not made aware that he had been replaced, and still appeared at the proceedings in Cincinnati with his arguments prepared.
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The case proceeded with Harding, Watson and Stanton and Manny's true defenders; Lincoln did not actively participate in the planning or arguing of the case, but kept in Cincinnati as a spectator. Though he admitted that George Harding, an established patent lawyerwas more adept at the scientific aspects of the case, Stanton worked to summarize the relevant jurisprudence and case law.
Manny for Manny, Stanton, Harding and Watson had to impress upon the court that McCormick had no claim to exclusivity in his reaper's use of a divider, a mechanism on the outer end of the cutter-bar which separated the grain. A harvesting machine would not have worked properly without a divider, and Manny's defense knew this. However, to assure a win, Watson opted to use duplicity—he employed a model maker named William P.
Woods to retrieve an older version of McCormick's reaper and alter it to be presented in court. Woods found a reaper in Virginia which was built inone year prior to McCormick's patent being granted. He had a blacksmith straighten the curved divider, knowing that the curved divider in Manny's reaper would not conflict with a straight one in McCormick's reaper.
After using a salt and vinegar solution to add rust to where the blacksmith had worked to ensure the antiquity of the machine was undeniable, Woods sent the reaper to Cincinnati. Stanton was joyed when he examined the altered reaper, and knew the case was theirs. Arguments for the case began on September Manny, was, all of a sudden, a political issue, and the matters concerning the case found their way to the floor of Congress.
She came from a prominent family in the city; her father was Lewis Hutchinson, a wealthy merchant and warehouseman and a descendent of Merriweather Lewis. They leased a home on C Street in Washington. In Pennsylvania, Stanton had become intimately acquainted with Jeremiah S.
Blackthe chief judge in the state's supreme court.
This friendship proved profitable for Stanton when in Marchthe recently inaugurated fifteenth President, James Buchananmade Black his Attorney General. This was followed by the California Land Claims Act ofwhich established a board to review claims to California lands. Limantoura French-born merchant who asserted ownership of an assemblage of lands that included important sections of the state, such as a sizeable part of San Francisco.
When his claims were recognized by the land commissioners, the U. Meanwhile, Black corresponded with a person named Auguste Jouan, who stated that Limantour's claims were invalid, and that he, under Limantour's employ, forged the date listed on one of the approved grants. Black needed an individual loyal to the Democratic Party and to the Buchanan administration, who could faithfully represent the administration's interests in California; he chose Stanton.
In California Edwin would be thousands of miles away from her for what was sure to be months, leaving her lonely in Washington, where she had few friends. After the girl's delivery, Ellen fell ill, which frightened Edwin and delayed his decision to go to California. In October Stanton finally agreed to represent the Buchanan administration's interests in California. Harrison, who was assigned to Stanton's detail by the Navy. On the island, the climate pleased Stanton greatly, and at a church there, Stanton was surprised to see blacks and whites sitting together.
Afterwards, Stanton and his entourage landed in Panamaand left there on a ship three times larger than the one on which they came, the Sonora. In aid of his case Stanton, along with his entire party and two clerks, went about arranging disordered records from California's time under Mexico.
The "Jemino Index" that he uncovered gave information on land grants up toand with the assistance of a Congressional act, Stanton unearthed records from all over the state pertaining to Mexican grants. The campaign disheartened Stanton, but barely distracted him. He had accrued a preponderance of ostensibly sound evidence, such as witness testimony, grants signed by Manuel Micheltorenathe Mexican governor of California prior to cessation, and paper with a special Mexican government stamp.
However, Auguste Jouan's information was instrumental in Stanton's case. According to Jouan, Limantour had received dozens of blank documents signed by Governor Micheltorena, which Limantour could fill in as he willed. Further, Jouan had bore a hole in one of the papers to erase something, a hole that was still present in the document.
Stanton also acquired letters that explicitly laid out the fraud, and stamps used by customs officials, one authentic and the other fraudulent. The fraudulent one had been used eleven times, all on Limantour's documents. When Stanton sent to the Minister of the Exterior in Mexico City, they could not locate records corroborating Limantour's grants. In late Limantour's claims were denied by the land commission, and he was arrested on perjury charges.
Whenever Stanton made arrangements to leave California, his son's condition grew worse. She criticized him for leaving her in the town alone with young "Ellie". In the nation's capital Stanton advised President Buchanan on patronageand helped Attorney General Black extensively, even being mistaken as an Assistant Attorney General.
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Nonetheless Stanton's affairs in Washington paled in comparison to the excitement he had experienced on the other side of the country—at least until he found himself defending a man who had become fodder for sensationalists and gossipers around the country.
On Sunday, February 27,Sickles confronted Key in Lafayette Squaredeclaring, "Key, you scoundrel, you have dishonored my home; you must die", then shot Key to death. The Sickles affair gained nationwide media attention for both its scandalous nature and its proximity to the White House. Soon, the press speculated that Daniel Sickles' political esteem was on the account of an affair between his wife and President Buchanan.
Prominent criminal lawyer James T. Brady and his partner, John Graham, came to Sickles' defense, and solicited Stanton to join their team. The prosecution wanted to advance the theory that Sickles had also committed adultery and did not pay very much mind to his wife or her activities.
When the judge disallowed this, the prosecution opted instead to highlight the heinous nature of Sickles' murder, and not address his reasons for doing the crime. Sickles' defense countered that Sickles had suffered from a temporary bout of insanity, the first such instance of an insanity plea in American jurisprudence. The events in the courtroom during the trial were nothing if not dramatic.
When Stanton delivered closing arguments, stating that marriage is sacred and that a man should have the right to defend his marriage against those who chose to defile the purity of the sacrament, the courtroom erupted in cheers. A law student described Stanton's argument during the trial, "a typical piece of Victorian rhetoric, an ingenious thesaurus of aphorisms on the sanctity of the family.
The judge ordered that Sickles be released from his arrest. Outside the courthouse, Sickles, Stanton and company met a throng of individuals in adulation of the victory. Black then asked Stanton for advice. Buchanan gave his address to Congress on December 3. On December 9 Secretary of State Lewis Cassdisgruntled over Buchanan's failure to defend the government's interests in the South, tendered his resignation.
Black was nominated to replace Cass on December He was sworn in on December Buchanan did not want to agitate the South any further, and sympathized with the South's cause.
However, on the day that Stanton assumed his position, Maj. South Carolina issued an ordinance of secession soon after, declaring itself independent of the United States. Isaac TouceySecretary of the Navywas alone in his support of the response. If he did such a thing, the two men, along with Postmaster General Holt, agreed that they would resign, delivering a crippling blow to the administration.
Stanton thought that discord would ravage the capital on February 13, when electoral votes were being counted; nothing happened. Again, Stanton thought, when Lincoln was sworn in on March 4 there would be violence; this did not come to pass.
Lincoln's inauguration did give Stanton a flickering of hope that his efforts to keep Fort Sumter defended would not be in vain, and that Southern aggression would be met with force in the North.
In his inauguration speech, Lincoln did not say he would outlaw slavery throughout the nation, but he did say that he would not support secession in any form, and that any attempt to leave the Union was not lawful. In Stanton, Lincoln's words were met with cautious optimism.
Northerners thought the battle would end the war, and defeat the Confederacy decisively; however, the bloody encounter ended in with the Union Army retreating to Washington. Lincoln wanted to bolster Northern numbers afterwards, with many in the North believing the war would be more arduous than they initially expected, but when more thanmen signed up, the federal government did not have enough supplies for them.
The War Department had states buy the supplies, assuring them that they would be reimbursed. This led to states selling the federal government items that were usually damaged or worthless at very high prices. Nonetheless, the government bought them. Cameron sought out Stanton to advise him on legal matters concerning the War Department's acquisitions, among other things. John Cochrane to his unit. It gives woman a feeling of freedom and self-reliance.
It makes her feel as if she were independent. The moment she takes her seat, she knows she can't get into harm unless she gets off her bicycle, and away she goes, the picture of free, untrammelled womanhood. We believed in the goodness of not sparing the rod. As I got older, I abolished whipping.
If I couldn't manage a child, I thought it my ignorance, my lack of ability, as a teacher. I always felt less the woman when I struck a blow. So you see with whom all women are classed. It is the truest and highest state of life.
Once men were afraid of women with ideas and a desire to vote. Today, our best suffragists are sought in marriage by the best class of men. Trial on the charge of illegal voting [ edit ] My every right, constitutional, civil, political and judicial has been tramped upon. I have many things to say. My every right, constitutional, civil, political and judicial has been tramped upon. I have not only had no jury of my peers, but I have had no jury at all.
Account of Matilda Joslyn Gage 20 June to Kansas Leavenworth Times 3 July The only chance women have for justice in this country is to violate the law, as I have done, and as I shall continue to do.
I came into it to get justice, having failed in this, I demand the full rigors of the law. Account of Matilda Joslyn Gage 20 June to Kansas Leavenworth Times 3 July Even, under such circumstances, a commoner of England, tried before a jury of Lords, would have far less cause to complain than should I, a woman, tried before a jury of men. And every man or woman in whose veins coursed a drop of human sympathy violated that wicked law, reckless of consequences, and was justified in so doing.
Anthony on the Charge of Illegal Voting] May it please your honor, I shall never pay a dollar of your unjust penalty.
And I shall earnestly and persistently continue to urge all women to the practical recognition of the old revolutionary maxim, that "Resistance to tyranny is obedience to God. Anthony on the Charge of Illegal Voting] The "old revolutionary maxim" Anthony uses here has been variously attributed to William TyndaleBenjamin Franklinand Thomas Jeffersonas well as to herself.
Resistance to tyranny is obedience to God; I shall never pay a penny of this unjust claim. As quoted in Woman: Resistance to tyranny is obedience to God, and I shall never pay a penny of this unjust claim.
Resistance to tyranny is obedience to God, and I shall never pay a penny of this unjust fine. Misattributed[ edit ] Resistance to tyranny is obedience to God. This statement was widely used as an abolitionist and feminist slogan in the 19th century and has sometimes been attributed to Anthony, who famously used it, but cited it as an "old revolutionary maxim"; it has also frequently been attributed to Thomas Jeffersonand to Benjamin Franklinwho has been cited as having proposed it as the motto of the United States, as well as to English theologian William Tyndale.
The earliest definite citations of a source yet found in research for Wikiquote indicates that it was declared by Massachusetts Governor Simon Bradstreet after the overthrow of Dominion of New England Governor Edmund Andros in relation to the " Glorious Revolution " ofas quoted in Official Report of the Debates and Proceedings in the State Convention: It will burden her conscience in life, it will burden her soul in death, but oh, thrice guilty is he who, for selfish gratification, heedless of her prayers, indifferent to her fate, drove her to the desperation that impelled her to the crime!
Anonymous essay signed "A" in The Revolution, August 8, Often attributed to Susan B.